Intro to Modern Middle eastSept10

Intro to Modern Middle eastSept10 - Intro to Modern Middle...

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Intro to Modern Middle East Sept. 10, 2007-10-16 Middle East: demonstration of the balance of power Came from the European experience – Eastern part of the orient Used to be called the near east Middle East was introduced at the turn of the 20 th century to distinguish the Persian Gulf 1940 – The Allies set up the Middle East Supply Center administered under the most part by the British in order to direct economy towards the war effort Middle East became the popular name for the region by the end of WWI Oil is around 100 years old Water is the most important resource in the region Famous Rivers: Tigris, Niles, Euphrates Egypt and Mesopotamia have the oldest civilizations Springs emerge in mountainous areas and are the sources for these rivers Mountains form the 2 plateaus of Turkey and Iran which catch rain and make springs Asia Minor is Anatolia Deserts are in Egypt, Iran, and Saudi Arabia People flock to sources of water that can sustain them People of the region are divided into 3 categories:
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