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SociologySept25 - Sociology Sociology of culture Sept 25...

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Sociology Sept. 25, 2007 Sociology of culture Definitions of culture: (one of the most complex concepts) - to cultivate, sustain, and preserve - the complex pattern of lifestyle, beliefs and behaviors that are specific to a human group and which define its identity - Culture includes the technologies and physical objects which aid in human survival, symbolic systems of language, shared meaning and communication, social institutions, microsocial rules of social behavior such as norms and codes of social interaction, macrosocial values and belief systems Culture as an enabling force vs culture as a disabling force Culture as a force of preservation vs culture as a force of domination and social control Culture as creativity vs. culture as restriction and conformity Culture as static/ordered vs. culture as changing Culture has two basic formal elements: Material: technologies, tools, buildings, shelters, aqueducts, and other manipulations of landscape and geography, food objects to aid in living, art objects, (texts and signs) Non-Material: knowledge, beliefs, norms, values, information, symbolic forms of communication, shared meanings, art and literature
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