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Daily Assignment #9 Freud

Daily Assignment #9 Freud - now becomes a dynamic source of...

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HON 306 10/25/07 Daily Assignment of Freud There are two origins of guilt, Freud says, “one arising from fear of an authority, and the other, later on, arising from fear of the super-ego.” The super-ego was established to monitor aggression in both thought and deed. Before the super-ego was established we had only to look to our parents (authority) for punishment for “bad” deeds. There is little guilt involved in this external authority . When the super-ego has taken this position of punishment for deeds it controls the actions and thoughts by instating fear of the guilt that will be experienced as a result. With the development of this internal authority guilt is increased for it is a self-punishment. Freud also calls this guilt conscience ¸ which is the cause of what he calls instinctual renunciation, which means a rejection of basic “bad” instincts. “Every renunciation of instinct
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Unformatted text preview: now becomes a dynamic source of conscience and every fresh renunciation increases the latter’s severity and intolerance.” This means that the conscience initiates instinctual renunciation but is later sustained by it. It is a vicious cycle that keeps increasing the conscience, which is the source of guilt as well. Guilt only results from thoughts or actions that are thought to be “bad,” but Freud says that “good” and “bad” are relative. The common “bad” among everyone is loss of love. “Therefore, what is bad is whatever causes one to be threatened with loss of love,” says Freud. If the fear of the super-ego affects the behavior of a person, as it should, then he or she will eventually feel even more guilty as they realize the sinfulness of their natural desires....
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