Chapter 3 All - Week 10-12 Chapter 3 CHAPTER THREE Alternatives to Power Politics ZHANG Zhenjiang [email protected] School of International

Chapter 3 All - Week 10-12 Chapter 3 CHAPTER THREE...

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Contemporary International Relations Chapter 3 Alternatives to Power Politics CHAPTER THREE Week 10-12 ZHANG Zhenjiang [email protected] School of International Studies Jinan University
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Topics Liberal Theories Social Theories
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Review of Chapter 2
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Contemporary International Relations Realism offers mostly dominance solutions to IR problems. State as the rational and unitary actor Power -orientated Mainly focusing on conflict and war - too much pessimistic Review of Realism
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Contemporary International Relations New Developments of IR The Cold War but not the HOT war “Long Peace Theory” by John L. Gaddis Peaceful ending of the Cold War As for the terrorism, we fear them, but we do not fear that life on the planet will be destroyed. In recent years, a strong trend toward fewer wars and smaller wars has become evident.
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Contemporary International Relations New Developments of IR Stockholm International Peace Research Institute: SIPRI 2006 Year Book: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security
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Contemporary International Relations New Developments of IR Peace time and war time in IR history Increase of small states Development of International Organizations and Law “ 和和和和和”和“和和和和和”
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Contemporary International Relations Rising of Liberal Theories How to explain these new developments in IR and the positive trend toward peace? Rise of new theories Liberal Theories Social Theories Post-modern Theories Gender Theory
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Contemporary International Relations Kant and Peace Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) gave 3 answers over 200 years ago.
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Contemporary International Relations Kant and Peace 1. Trade promotes peace, relies on the presumption that trade increases wealth, cooperation, and global well-being -- all making conflict less likely in the long term because governments will not want to disrupt any process that adds to the wealth of their state.
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Contemporary International Relations Kant and Peace 2. States could develop the international organizations and rules to facilitate cooperation, specifically by forming and joining a world wide federation and respect its principles, resembling today’s United Nations (reciprocity) Remain autonomous But forego certain short-term individual gains
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Contemporary International Relations Kant and Peace 3. Peace depends on the internal character of governments - specifically that republics, with a legislative branch that can hold the monarch in check, will be more peaceful than autocrats.
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Contemporary International Relations Kant and Peace Kant: International cooperation more rational option than going to war. To realists, war is a rational option; to liberal theorists, war is an irrational deviation that results from defective reasoning and that harms the interests of warring states.
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Contemporary International Relations New Liberal Theories Neoliberal approach differs from earlier liberal
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