Psc+101+SQ+Exam+1+Study+Guide-2 - Introduction to...

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Introduction to Biological PsychologyPsc101-001 SQ2016Exam 112:10-2:00 pmARC 1384/13/201660 Questions, 1.66 points each, total points: 100 points.4 Sections (Neuroanatomy, Neurophysiology, Neuropharmacology, and Hormones and theBrain).15 Questions per SectionI.Functional Neuroanatomya.The neuron has four structural divisions (Figure 2.2)i.Dendritesii.Cell Bodyiii.Axoniv.Axon terminalb.Neuroanatomical Methodsi.Golgi stainsstains (select) whole cellsii.Nissl stainsstains all cell bodiesiii.Immunocytochemistrystains specific proteinsiv.In situ hybridizationradioactively labels mRNA or DNAv.Immediate early genesactivated gene products or mRNA (e.g., c-Fos)c.Neurons can be classified by shapei.Multipolar neuronsii.Bipolar neuronsiii.Unipolar neuronsd.Neurons can be classified by functioni.Motor neuronsgovern motor outputii.Sensory neuronsgovern sensory inputiii.Interneuronsmake up most of the braine.The neuronal cell body and dendrites receive information across synapsesi.Presynaptic membraneii.Synaptic cleftiii.Postsynaptic membraneiv.Synaptic vesicles contain neurotransmitter; neurotransmitters interactwith postsynaptic receptorsf.The axon integrates and then transmits informationi.Axon hillockii.Axon collateralsiii.Axonal transportiv.Difference between dendrite and axon (see Table 2.1)g.Glial cells support and enhance neural activityi.Astrocyteii.Microglial celliii.Oligodendrocytesmyelin in CNSiv.Schwann cellsmyelin in PNSh.The nervous system consists of central and peripheral divisions
i.Central nervous system (CNS)brain and spinal cord1.Cerebral hemispheres (Figure 2.12)a.Cerebral cortex includes gyri and sulcib.Lobesi.Frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipitalc.Sylvian fissure divides the temporal lobed.The central sulcus divides the frontal and parietal lobesi.Precentral gyrus involved in motor controlii.Postcentral gyrus involved in sense of touch2.White mattercontains myelin-containing axons or tracts ofaxons3.Gray matter contains cell bodies4.General Divisions of the Braina.Forebraini.Cortexii.Basal ganglia1.Caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus,substantia nigraiii.Limbic system1.Hippocampus, amygdala, cingulate gyrus,olfactory bulbiv.Thalamus and hypothalamus (diencephalon)b.Midbraini.Superior colliculi (vision) and inferior colliculi(hearing)c.Hindbraini.Cerebellum1.Motor and cognitive functions2.Purkinje cells, granule cells, parallel fibersii.Pons and medulla (i.e., the brain stem)5.The brain is described by both structure and functiona.Bilateral symmetry and contralateral communicationb.Pyramidal cellsi.Apical dendriteii.Basal dendritesiii.Cortical columns (see Figure 2.15)6.Support system protects and nourishes the braina.Cerebral ventricles (see Figure 2.19)b.Vascular systemblood brain barrier.

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