Chapter 31 study guide- fungi

Chapter 31 study guide- fungi - BIO 204 Review Sheet for...

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BIO 204 Review Sheet for Exam III CHAPTER 31 - FUNGI What major ecosystem role do fungi play- Recycle nutrients, decompose matter, food production, some medicines. Fungi are heterotrophic. Fungi are more closely related to animals than plants. Be able to define: Hyphae- Small filaments that construct the bodies of fungi. Mycelium- An interwoven mat composed of hyphae, located underground under the fungi. Septa- Divided sections/cross-walls with pores. The pores are large enough o allow ribosomes, mitochondria, and nuclei to flow cell to cell. Chitin- A strong nitrogen-containing polysaccharide that builds the cells. Haustoria- Nutrient-absorbing hyphal tips that penetrate the tissue of the host. Heterokaryotic(dikaryotic)- To become genetically heterogeneous.(Unfused nuclei). Plasmogamy- Fusion of 2 parents cytoplasm when their mycelia come together. Karyogamy- The fusion of the haploid nuclei contributed by the 2 parents. Mycorrhizae-
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course BIO 204 taught by Professor Winslow during the Spring '08 term at Bowling Green.

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Chapter 31 study guide- fungi - BIO 204 Review Sheet for...

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