1-2 Jan 22 Reconstruction - I Presidential Reconstuction...

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I. Presidential Reconstuction Bring the southern states back a. Lincoln What if Lincoln had lived? Would things have been different? Worse? o The only evidence we have is what he actually did o Lincoln was acting as though it was still wartime o So his goal was to try to help win the war by persuading white southerners to defect from the rebellion by courting them o Dec 1863 (proc. Of amnesty and reconstruction) Offering full amnesty to any whites (except highest ranking Southern officials) if they took an oath of future loyalty to the states When 10% of voters in a rebel state (white men) took this oath, they could establish a new state govt and be readmitted to the union No provisions for equal rights The biggest loophole was that when the 10% got to create a new govt, they’re allowed to adopt temp. regulations about slaves (black codes) The point was to attract what he always believed was the large group of reluctant confederates If he could get enough southern whites to do this, he could shorten the war Mandating racial equality would deter them (he was right) b. Johnson After the war, it was no longer a matter of wooing the whites. Now the situation is administering a victory that had been won on the battlefield The assasianation of Lincoln was the loss of a great politican and Johnson sucked.. ish.. (sort of the worst president.. spectacularly awful) 1864 – nominated to VP he was a loyal union governor of a disloyal state (TN) Dealt really harshly with rebels
He hated the planter elite, he lived an impoverished childhood, acquiered wealth but still

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