ch 14 sg - Chapter 14 Treatment of Psychological Disorders...

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Chapter 14- Treatment of Psychological Disorders 1) 1 st group=clinical and counseling psychologists hold a Ph. D or Psy. D, respectively. Have received 5 or more yrs or intensive training -Psychiatrists specialize in psychotherapy and biomed treatments such as drug therapy. -2 years of experience and masters= psychiatric social workers (work in community agencies), marriage and fam counselors ( specialize in fam problems), pastoral counselors (focus on spiritual issues); abuse counselors ( work with substance and sex abusers and their victims). 2) 5 theories for psychological disorders: Psychodynamic Humanistic Cognitive Behavioral Biological Psychoanalysis (Freud) Client- centered therapy (Rogers) Rational emotive therapy (Ellis) Classical Conditioning Exposure Systematic desensitizati- on Aversion therapy Drug therapy Brief psychodynamic therapies Gestalt Therapy (Pearls) Cognitive Therapy (Beck) Operant Conditioning Positive reinforcement punishment Electro- Convulsive therapy Modeling social skills training Psycho surgery Psychodynamic Psychoanalysis: refers to personality. The goal is to help clients achieve insight, the conscious awareness of the psychodynamics that underlie their problems. This allows clients to adjust their behavior rather than repeat it. Free Association: clients recline on a couch and verbally report without censorship of any thoughts, feelings, or images that enter their awareness. Freud claims that mental events are meaningful associated with each other so it can lead to clues. Dream Interpretation: dreams express impulses, fantasies, and wishes that the client’s defenses keep bottled up in the unconscious during waking hours. Client keeps logs and try to uncover symbols of dreams with therapist. Resistance: defensive maneuvers that hinder the process of therapy. Forms- hard to free associate; forget about appointments; avoid talking about certain topics Transference: happens when client responds irrationally to the analyst as if he or she were a negative figure of clients past (most important part of psychoanalysis cuz it brings open repressed feelings.)
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ch 14 sg - Chapter 14 Treatment of Psychological Disorders...

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