history review- final - Log Cabin and Hard Cider Election...

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“Log Cabin and Hard Cider” Election of 1840 William Harrison slogan, originally an insult by Democratic Party, turn it around and make it a good thingHe is a common man and Martin Van Buren (opponent) is an elitist. Significance: First modern campaign in the U.S. Use slogansManifest Destiny Early to mid 1800’sThe divine right to expand sea to seaMaking Indians leaveSignificance: Moral justification to take land and move Indians Leads to problems such as the Mexican American war California Gold Rush 1848-1855One of the greatest over land migrations Huge boost to the economy Significance: questions arise of admitting California into the union Annexation of Texas1845After battle of the Alamo Tx becomes “Independent” Mexican- American War 1845-1847Santa Anna forced to sign treaty of Tx independence The Rio Grande is the borderMexico does not recognize this and says this is an act of warLand gained larger then that in the Louisa purchasePolk initiated war- referred to by northerners as “Polks war”Significance: U.S first successful imperial war; further divides north and south; large amount of land gainedTreaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo February 2, 1848; ratified March 10, 1848Larger then the Louisiana purchase Crushing defeat for Mexico; cripples economy U.S expands over a third William Lloyd GarrisonAbolitionist
Founded the Liberator Equating slavery to a sinSignificance: called slavery evil; creates movements; shifts public discourse and creates riotsFredrick Douglass1845Abolitionist speakerCreates the North Star- newspaperTravelled overseas and speaks- gains enough money and comes back to buy his freedom Underground railroad1850’sHarriet Tubman main contributor Leads slaves to freedom (North)A system of houses, people, and churches that were used to aid and hide run away slaves. Significance: Unity of people to undermine slaveryAmistad1839-53African slaves rebelled and seized the Amistad (boat)Salves took control and told the crew to take them to Mexico they took them to New York insteadCase reaches supreme court3 groups claim the slavesJohn Quincy Adams argues in favor of slavesSignificance: The rights of slaves are fought for in courtThe Wilmot Proviso1846Wilmot says to admit TX as a slave state, but everything else as a freeRe-ignites argument over free and slave

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