Class notes - Beatles Music History notes-How do the things...

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Beatles Music History notes -How do the things that are not about the Beatles affect the way people view music at the time -Know the people who are involved in the making of the Beatles music Play Theory o Play is free movement within a system of constraints o Constraints: Rules (of a game) Laws (of a society) Physics (for sports) Genre (for literature or music) The script (for a play) or score (for music) Etc… o Constrains for musical style: Cultural (how is the society using music) Historical (what else is going on) Economic (how is music-making financed) Technological (instruments, recording, etc.) Education (how do people learn about music) Etc… o Taken as a collection these constrains structure a play field o When the external constraints change, play changes, causing style to change The Beatles’ Career o 1956-1959: The Quarrymen John Lennon’s band of friends (highschoolers) Paul McCartney met JL after a performance o 1960-1962: Bar band in Hamburg and Liverpool Making a living preforming No Ringo Starr yet o 1963-1966: International Rock Stars Recording, Touring, 2 films Really defined what it meant to be a rock star o 1966-1970: Studio recording only Grew tired of touring and only recorded music Not restricted in the studio to things that they could also play live Quick overview o 1956-1959: Teen life (week 1) o 1960-1962: Hamburg, UK Live performances (1-2) o 1963-1966L Recording, touring, and films (3-4) o 1966-1970: Studio recoding only (5-10) Week 1-4: Beatles performing live Weeks 5-10: Beatles create recordings
What is music?
What does music do?
The cascade of Musical Play o Composer: elements of music Play results in musical work o Performer: takes what the composer does and adds performance style Play results in a performance o Listeners: responds to what the composer and performers did Play results in an experience ***The Beatles were all three (composers, performers and listeners*** Musical Meaning o Things don’t contain meaning, but rather our experiences of things creates meaning in our minds o Musical meaning is shaped for a listener by many kinds of constraints No unified meaning but there can be shared meaning o Listeners who share constraints in common are likely to derive similar meanings from a musical work 3 types of listeners for this course Brits in the 1960s Americans in the 1960s Us Elements of Music: o Composers 1. Melody a. Tune b. Lead guitar is a melody instrument 2. Meter & Rhythm a. Beatles use duple meter a lot 1. Duple meter is either a 2 beat or 4 beat 3. Harmony 4. Instrumentation (including voices) a. Musical forces 5. Texture a. Relationship among the preforming forces 6. Form a. Repetition on musical sections 7. Lyrics/language Performers o (Instructions from composter) o (Training and skill as performers) 1. Timbre
a. Sound characteristics 2. Expression: a.

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