exam1a-answerkey - PSC 41 Fall 2007 Exam 1 - FORM A Name...

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1 PSC 41 – Fall 2007 Name Exam 1 - FORM A ID# Instructions: There are 45 multiple-choice questions. Read each question and the possible answer choices carefully . Choose the single BEST response for each item. Fill in the appropriate bubble on your UCD2000 scantron answer sheet with a No.2 pencil. 1. Which of the following statements is NOT true: a. Science is equally procedural and creative. b. Science and its methods cannot answer all questions. c. Science and its methods provide absolute proof. d. Science is not value free. 2. According to your text and lecture, what is the "essence" of science? a. The facts b. Is a way of thinking c. The hardware d. Is the theories 3. Believing in something because the President tells you it is true is an example of a. authority. b. civic duty. c. tenacity. d. intuition. 4. Believing in something because your family has always accepted it as true is an example of a. intuition. b. rationalism. c. tenacity. d. empiricism. 5. "Research methods exams are always easy; this is a research methods exam; therefore, this exam is easy" is an example of a. intuition. b. rationalism. c. empiricism. d. authority. 6. In scientific research, facts are a. the knowledge gained through empirical observation. b. the behavior of the researcher. c. the opinion of the researcher. d. nonexistent; everything is open to interpretation. 7. The trend in early psychology in America was a movement from a. Gestalt psychology to functionalism. b. behaviorism to structuralism. c. functionalism to structuralism. d. structuralism to functionalism.
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2 8. One problem with using rationalism to obtain knowledge is that a. the premises may be unimportant. b. the premises may not be true. c. observations may be representative, but there may be exceptions. d. observations may not be completely representative. 9. With respect to levels of organization, when researchers seek answers to scientific questions at the smallest level is called: a. Minimalism b. Reductionism c. Microism d. Nominalism 10. Confusing a construct for a fact is the error of: a. The nominal fallacy. b. The reification of a paradox. c. The reification of a construct. d. The evaluative biases of language. 11. When looking through the literature you come across a study entitled “The effects of television on aggressive behavior in elementary school aged children.” Aggressive behavior is the __________ and television is the __________. a.
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course PSC 41 taught by Professor Nitzberg during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.

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exam1a-answerkey - PSC 41 Fall 2007 Exam 1 - FORM A Name...

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