103 Civil War - 1.03 Civil War What Are the Causes and...

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1.03 Civil WarWhat Are the Causes and Consequences of the Civil War?In November of 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected Presidet of the United States without a single electoral vote from the South. A few weeks later, South Carolina secededSecession:the withdrawal of a state from country or nation from the United States. By the time Lincoln took office in March of 1861, seven southern states had seceded and formed a new country, the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, as it was called, fired the first shots of the CivilWar on April 12, 1861. The attack was on a federal fort, Fort Sumter, located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Union forces surrendered the fort to the Confederates after 34 hours. After the battle, four more southern states seceded. Review the map to see which states seceded from the Union.Battles raged on Union and Confederate soil for four years and touched the lives of the majority of Americans. Over 600,000 Americans were killed in the Civil War; that's more than were lost in WWI, WWII, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War combined. Several disagreements between the North and South led up to this key event in United States history.In order to understand the causes of the war, the social, political, and economic differences between the North and South must be explored. Once you have studied the causes and consequences of the conflict, you will complete a short quiz on the Civil War. What Were the Economic Causes of the Civil War?By the 1800s, the North and the South had developed two very different ways of life. The North became an industrial center. Railroads and telegraphs united its regions and encouraged trade. Immigrants flocked to the cities to work in the factories, and many of the immigrants feared losing their jobs to slave labor. For this reason, they resisted the expansion of slavery.The Southern economy remained rural and based on agriculture. Rather than railroads, Southerners used rivers to transport their goods. The most important feature of the Southern economy, though, was its reliance on slave labor. In the first half of the 19th century, the main cash crop in the South was cotton, grown on large farms called plantations. Slaves were forced to do the backbreaking labor of planting and harvesting cotton. They also provided the other labor necessary to keep plantations running. Thissource of unpaid labor meant enormous profits for plantation owners. The Anaconda PlanAt the outset of the war, Union General Winfield Scott developed a three-part strategy called the Anaconda PlanAnaconda Plan:the Union's three-part Civil War strategy, designed to capture the Confederate capital in Richmond, block southern ports, and control the Mississippi River, after a snake that suffocates its prey by squeezing it. One part of the plan was to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. Another part of the plan focused on controlling the
Mississippi River, cutting the Confederacy in two. However, what hurt the Southern economy

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