Exploration and Empire08/28/2014BCE= Before Common Era°CE= Common Era°°-Some of the civilizations were very complex; there were millions in small villages.°-1stMajor theme: Clash of Cultures, it is devastating for people living there because new animals and disease are introduced.°-People came over to US looking for gold/stuff, for expansion, increasing their own power, land, and spreading their religion/culture. Countries hired people to claim land and rule over with their ships and cannons.°-Spain, Portugal, and France got a big head start, Italy followed close behind, and Britain was far behind.°°Beringia°Paleo-Americans°Aztecs (in presents-day Mexico)°Incas (in present-day Peru)°Mayas (Central America)°Pueblos (North America Southwest)°Eskimos (northern North America)°The Plains Indians (middle and western North America)°The Woodland Tribes (North American east coast)°°The Major Native American Tribes in North America
°AlgonquinCherokee°IroquoisApache°MuskogeeSioux°°The European Terms and Their Star Players°Spain-most powerful country°Christopher Columbus°Francisco Pizzarro°Vasco de Belboa°Ponce de Leon°Hernando De Soto°Francisco Vasquez de Coronado°Portugal°Vasco de Gama°Ferdinand Magellan (sailed for Spain also)°Pedro Alvares Cabral°France°Jacques Cartier°Italy°Giovanni da Verrazano°Amerigo Vespucci
°°“The Columbian Exchange”: Clash of culture but in detail.°“Old World” = Europe°“New World” = the Americans°-Definition: exchange of organisms and microorganisms between two places that has a huge impact.°-Food and plants°-US to Europe: corn, beans, tomatoes, squash, etc.°-Europe to US: wheat, oats, coffee, bananas, barely°-Animals°-US to Europe: catfish, armadillo, rattlesnakes, panthers°-Europe to US: horses(most in America were killed during the Ice Age), sheep, cows, goats°-Diseases. Million died because of the sharing between countries.°-US to Europe: °-Europe to US: small pox, flu, measles, etc.°°°The Conquistadors:military generals/help conquer and claim land°Hernando Cortez (b. 1485-1547, Spain)°Francisco Pizzarro (b. 1478-1541, Spain)°Montezuma°Amerigo Vespucci°“New Spain”°°°°°°°°°°°°
Early English America (1584-1689)08/28/2014°-Vikings or Polynesians
°-We know English succeeded because of the 13 colonies that came to America and worked. °-Dutch settled in New York City (New Amsterdam) °-British wants power and influence. #1 world power over time. They missed the whole Columbian Exchange because they are going to have their own culture exchange. °°Mercantilism- putting people in a colony to gather goods for their homecountry. An economic theory that say the world’s goods are finite. The country that controls the most stuff will have the most power.