TEACHER RESOURCEMULTIPLE PERSPECTIVES: FRENCH AND INDIAN WARLESSON PLANINTRODUCTIONThis lesson helps third grade students understandthe life and culture in Detroit during the Britishoccupation between 1760 and 1796. The lessonincludes a comprehensive background essay, a listof additional resources, and copies of worksheetsand primary sources.ESSENTIAL QUESTIONSWhat impact did the French and Indian War have onthe French, the British, and the Native Americans inDetroit and Michigan?LEARNING OBJECTIVESStudents will:•Learn about the impact of the French and IndianWar in Detroit, Michigan, and North America.•Consider multiple perspectives in history,particularly the points of view of the French,British, and Native Americans.MI GLCES – GRADE THREE SOCIAL STUDIESH3 – History of Michigan Through Statehood•3-H3.0.5 - Use informational text and visualdata to compare how American Indians andsettlers in the early history of Michigan adaptedto, used, and modified their environment.•3-H3.0.6 - Use a variety of sources to describeinteractions that occurred between AmericanIndians and the first European explorers andsettlers in Michigan.•3-H3.0.8 – Use case studies or stories todescribe how the ideas or actions of individualsaffected the history of Michigan.COMMON CORE ANCHOR STANDARDS - ELAReading•1 - Read closely to determine what the text saysexplicitly and to make logical inferences fromit; cite specific textual evidence when writingor speaking to support conclusions drawn fromthe text.•9 - Analyze how two or more texts addresssimilar themes or topics in order to buildknowledge or to compare the approaches theauthors take.Writing•1 - Write arguments to support claims in ananalysis of substantive topics or texts, usingvalid reasoning and relevant and sufficientevidence.
LESSON PLAN: MULTIPLE PERSPECTIVES: FRENCH AND INDIAN WARBACKGROUND ESSAYWho Owns North America?As the French fur trade in the Great Lakesregion prospered in the middle of the 1700s, othernations entered the area – first the British and thenthe Americans. These nations fought over control oflarge parts of the Western Hemisphere. Many battlestook place to decide which nation would control theregion and the forts, and therefore, the fur trade.The Native Americans had been there the longest,so foreign powers often sought their help in thebattles. Almost as often these foreign powers madepromises to the Native people that they did not keep.The flag at the fort in Detroit changed many timesbetween 1760 and 1813.The French and IndianWarIn the 1740s, thepopulation of EuropeanAmericans on the eastcoast was rising. TheBritish colonials looked tolands to the west of theAppalachian Mountainsfor more space. Theselands had traditionallybelonged to NativeAmerican groups, butthe French had alsoclaimed them.Around1750, the French and the British began to argueover who owned the land in present-day westernPennsylvania and Ohio. 1n 1753, the French beganto settle the Ohio River valley, near present-dayPittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The British, who felt thisland belonged to the colony of Virginia, sent a youngofficer named George Washington to the French fortwith a letter asking them to leave. The attempt was afailure, and the British and French continued to fightover control of the area until war was declared in1756.