chapter_1,2,7_terms[1]

chapter_1,2,7_terms[1] - Psychology is the scientific study...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mind. Scientific knowledge is based on observation . Psychologists infer how the mind works from directly measuring behavior. Empiricism – the idea that knowledge comes directly from experience. Nativism – the idea that some knowledge is present at birth. Gestalt psychology – movement proposing that certain organizing principles of perception are innate and cannot be altered by experience. Structuralism – study of the structure of immediate conscious experience; breaking things down into elements to understand it; used introspection to research. Wundt (1896) and Titchener . Functionalism – study of the function of immediate conscious experience and purpose; you need to determine the goal of the mind first; William James (1842-1910); wrote principles of psychology. Behaviorism – the study of observable behavior rather than immediate conscious experience; John B Watson (1878-1958); how changes in the environment can lead to changes in behavior. Cognitive revolution
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
Ask a homework question - tutors are online