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Unformatted text preview: Intro to Sociologyeh i Midterm Review Guide Week 1: The Sociological Imagination 1). C. Wright Mills: The Sociological Imagination- (excerpt) The sociological imagination, the ability to understand how issues are shaped from social structure. The crossroads between biography and history . 2). Allan Johnson: The Forest and the Trees- (excerpt) Sociology is the relationship between trees and forests Sociologists are interested in the intersection between these two We all initially think in terms of the individual 3). Michael J. Lovaglia: From Summer Camps to Glass Ceilings: The Power of Experiments- (Chapter 65) Experiments counterintuitive views of society, power of context The power of a group can change someone dramatically, competitive v. cooperative, as does being placed in a foreign situation: even if fake NOTES: Enlightenment: individual emphasized above society Week 2: Culture 1). Joseph R. Gusfield: Keyword: Culture- (Chapter 16) The word culture has become synonymous with civilization 2). Horace Miner: Body Ritual Among the Nacirema- (Excerpt) Unnaturalness of rituals, the feeling of pure v. impure 3). Richard A. Peterson: Roll Over Beethoven- (Chapter 17) Shift from displaying high status with elitist highbrow culture to a cosmopolitan omnivore . 4). Peggy Levitt: Salsa and Ketchup: Transnational Migrants- (Chapter 60) Not a new concept, arises questions concerning political loyalties, etc. NOTES: Culture is the water in which we all swim Culture: the complex system of meaning and behavior that defines the way of life in a society CULTURE IS: o Shared o Learned o Taken for granted o Symbolic o Varied across time and place IMPORTANT ELEMENTS OF CULTURE: o Language: Sapier-Whorf Hypothesis: language determines the way in which we think The term weekend leads to our views on work, leisure, time passage o Norms: the foundation for laws & more specific cultural scripts Ethnomethodology: The methodology of studying the breaking of norms in society/ discovering rules & sanctions o Values: more abstract, reflect standards and ideal principles o Beliefs: a system of ideas that give our lives meaning (ex. Science, god, capitalism) Week 3: Socialization and the Media 1). Robert Zussman: Keyword: The Self- (Chapter 1) The self is a language in which various parties articulate visions of what is good and right The term is ambiguous, and ranges in definition from concept of soul to, more presently, identity or self-concept 2). Lee Clarke: Panic: Myth or Reality?- (Chapter 6) People rarely panic; they are unlikely to cause harm to others in order to reach safety and will even conversely put their own lives in danger to help others Human nature is social, not egoistic 3). Sternheimer, Karen: Do Video Games Kill?- (Chapter 18) No, they do not. People want to overlook other factors such as poverty, neighborhood instability, etc. because they want middle class suburbia to feel safeneighborhood instability, etc....
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