Bolivia-1 - Ashley Simpson Soci 120 Final Exam Intro Most...

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Ashley Simpson Soci 120 Final Exam Intro Most countries in South America are developing countries by UN standards, and are other wise known as third-world countries. Some of these countries are trying to raise themselves to higher levels of status, however problems facing these countries form accomplishing that are vast and troublesome. Problems in the political arena are, for the most part, the central issue, as all the other issues/problems seem to be how the government is structured. Usually in third world countries the government is nonexistent or barley present at all and often acts in such a manner that is doesn’t benefit the general population of said country. Often these governments are dictatorships disguising themselves as democracies or republic and sometimes not bothering hiding it at all. Bolivia is no stranger to political unrest in its government, which filters down to its citizens, which leads to social unrest. The Problem The problems in Bolivia date all the way back to the 16 th century when the Spaniards defeated the Incan population, which reduced the indigenous population to slavery. “The existence of a large indigenous group forced to live under the thumb of their colonizers created a stratified society of haves and have-nots that continues to this day. Income inequality between the largely impoverished Indians who make up two- thirds of the country and the light-skinned, European elite remains vast. ” (Bolivia, 2007) Which brings up a major issue concerning every third world country, money. Bolivia is the poorest country in South America, with a GDP of 27.87 billion. This is surprising in
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Bolivia’s case because the country has a vast amount of oil and natural gas deposits, more then enough to have the country no be in the crises that its in. And that is the very problem and central problem that Bolivia is facing. Because other countries that have even simply oil deposits are doing fine with money, however Bolivia problems are more then simply the oil deposits. “The political situation in Latin America’s poorest country continues to heat up and it’s being fueled by a battle over who will have control of the country’s substantial natural gas reserves .”(Goodman, 2005) The political situation in Bolivia is as follows; basically very few individuals, who are controlling the country like a dictatorship even though they are calling it a republic, are controlling the country. And often the country will demand or want thing, but the government will say or do another. Important figures One of the biggest figures in the crisis that Bolivia is currently in is Evo Morales, who is a Bolivian Indian Activist. Morales won the presidential election back in 2005 with a 54% vote. With that vote he became the countries first indigenous president, which was a good step in the sense that the indigenous population is getting more recognition in Bolivia. He has carried out two of his three initiatives in 2006: nationalizing Bolivia's energy industry, which is expected to double the country's annual
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Bolivia-1 - Ashley Simpson Soci 120 Final Exam Intro Most...

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