10.1.07 Presidentialism vs Parliamentarism notes

10.1.07 Presidentialism vs Parliamentarism notes -...

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Presidentialism vs Parliamentarism 10.1.07 Paliament Executive divided into 2 parts Head of Stated appoints Head of Government Not necissarily monarch Head of Government appoints Ministry Ministry (Cabinet) is a collective body (PM is first among equals) Ministers are usually MPs (Members of Parliament) Government is Responsible to Assembly Head of Government can dissolve assembly If no/thin majority, PM can dissolve assembly and run elections Parliament as a whole is Supreme (parts of parliament are not dominant) Government is indirectly responsible to electorate Citizens elect the party in legislation but not the PM Kinds of Parliamentarism Single-Party Majoritarian (ex: UK) Advantage of efficiency Majority Coalition Government No large majority but instead has a an ally and forced to make deals Minority Government Never anything but a plurality Lack confidence of majority Unstable Advantages of Coalitioln Government Coalitions expand representativeness More representation of parties: 20% vote of party = 20% seats in house Increase level of bargaining and compromise No extreme policies
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10.1.07 Presidentialism vs Parliamentarism notes -...

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