Chapter 21: America and the Great War Pg. 508- Time line: 1914: World War I begins 1914: Panama Canal opened 1915: US troops in Haiti 1915: Lusitania torpedoed 1915: Wilson supports preparedness 1916: Wilson reelected President 1916: US troops in Mexico 1917: German unrestricted submarine warfare 1917: US enters World War I 1917: Selective Service Act 1917: War Industries Board created 1918: Sedition Act 1918: Wilson’s Fourteen Points 1918: Armistice ends war 1918: Paris Peace Conference 1919: Senate rejects Treaty Versailles 1919: Race riots in Chicago and other cities 1919: Steel strike and other labor actions 1920: Palmer raids and Red Scare 1927: Sacco and Vanzetti executed The “Big Stick”: America and the World, 1901-1917 Roosevelt and Civilization: Roosevelt believed in using American power in the world o “speak softly and carry a big stick” o two different standards for using power o an important distinction existed between the “civilized” and “uncivilized” nations civilized white and Anglo Saxon or Teutonic producers of industrial goods had the right to interfere in the affairs of “backward nations” o preserve order and stability uncivilized non-white: Latin or Slavic suppliers of raw materials for industrial products 1906: American navy attained a size and strength surpassing only but that of Great Britain
Protecting the “Open Door” in Asia: 1904: Japan staged a surprise attack on Russia at Port Arthur in Southern Manchuria, that both Japan and Russia wanted to control o Roosevelt intervened with the hope that neither country would be dominant there Agreed to mediate the conflict Russia had no choice but to agree At the Peace Conference in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1905, Roosevelt pressured Russia to accept Japans territorial gains Japan agreed to cease the fighting and expand no further Roosevelt negotiated a secret agreement with Japan to ensure that the US could keep trading freely in the region Won the Nobel Peace Prize for the mediation o Treaty of Portsmouth After the negotiation, in the years to follow the relationship started to deteriorate between Japan and US o
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