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Dracula Midterm Notes:SLAVIC PREHISTORY-Sources of study: Historical sources, archaeology, ethnography, and linguistics-Lot of emphasis on burial and worship of the dead -Carpathian Mountains: believed to be between Poland and the Ukraine. -50-100 BC- worship of the trees, circular villages with walls. 1.Personal- lived jointly with elders, it was a Matriarchy (babushka)2.Territorial- communal spaces, very shared3.Economic- benefit of the whole, no one suffers more than the other-476 AD- fall of Rome, no warfare until this point -First Slavic Migration1.Collapse of the Roman Empire2.Germanic Tribes moved west3.Aware of better areas4.Armed5.Possible climate change (Volcanoes)-Second Slavic Migration1.Urbanization2.Cultural Identity Altered3.Populated areas: Bulgaria, Kiev, Moravia (Three religions- Islam, Christianity, Paganism)Pagan Practice-Animinism, Shamanism1.Numinous Place-Unexplainable location, meaning placed (ex. Lighting tree) 2.Soothsayer: someone to interpret that numinous place (volkhv)3.Spiritual forces: special force direction action (ie. Spirits)4.Gods (Gods to control things. Ex. Perun- sky god)Kievan Rus’-Converted to Orthodox Christianity- no writing system yet-Cyril and Methodius: Glagolitic, converted to Cyrillic -They replaced their Pagan gods with Christian saintsDemons:-Domovoi- House spirit-Leshii- Forest spirit-Rusalka- restless dead corpse of a young girl (First female vamp counterpart?)TRANSMISSION OF LORELore: something that is taught or learned- knowledge gained through study and experience.
-Helps to establish solidity and consistency (ex. Myth, art, folklore, architecture) -Lore helps to confront chaos and shape reality-Provides a reserve of knowledge for future generations-Ex. Monacan pine needles for scurvy-Broniswav Malinowsky: three spheres of coping: Science, magic, religionoLiving in a tangible world affected by culture and lifestyle. This is affected by available resources, which leads to the 3 spheres of coping which can be sacred or profane. oSacred: dealing with religionoProfane: dealing with science and magic 1.Science: accumulated verification of knowledge2.Religion: process/value oriented- when science reaches a boundary, need something to explain it3.Magic: end oriented manipulation, prediction of control -Ritual Development Theory1.Primary Anxiety: when science no longer explains something 2.Primary Ritual: a random action occurs, repetition of process3.Secondary Anxiety: occurs again despite primary ritual4.Secondary Ritual: altered first ritual 5.Rationalization: interpret results 6.Symbolization: anxiety of chaos is removed7.Function: creation and attribution to gods-ex. When people die, it was believed they came back for 30-40 days after death. There would be a day to venerate the dead, and replace blood sacrifice with alcohol -ORIGINS OF MYTH 1.Sacred history/ world origins2.Nonhuman/partially human character3.Past4.Not necessarily true5.Connected to ritual, usually true and symbolic -Mythology: the study of myth, with a focus on a particular group or culture-