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THEO 102 Lecture Notes

THEO 102 Lecture Notes - 23 January 2007 Canon o Jewish...

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23 January 2007 Canon o Jewish Canon – 24 (actually 39) books o Protestant Canon Same number of books as the Jewish Canon Is the shortest Christian Canon o Roman Catholic Canon (49 books) o Orthodox Canon (Larger than RC Canon) o Orthodox Ethiopian Canon (a lot of books) Most (or all) of the manuscripts of that time period can not be trusted to be accurate. Many things can be misguiding, such as: Translation o Relying on a translator is difficult as things may be perceived differently by different translators. Also, languages changed quickly during that time period, so things could have been created to fill in the blanks. At times, only certain manuscripts were chosen to fill the bible. In all honesty, the Dead Sea scrolls are the most accurate, but are not used. We will be studying the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Old Testament; or, also known as the Torah. It sums up all the negatives and juicy detail of humanity. With every detail laid out, the National Enquirer seems trivial in comparison. Geography Instead of saying that the Hebrews lived in Ancient Israel, we say that they lived in Syro-Palestine. The state of Israel is 200-250 miles long and 100 miles wide on one side and 50 miles long on the other. Israel has three meanings: 1. Geographical (state of Israel) 2. People (or as we will call them, the Semites) 3. It is also the personal name of Jacob from the Pentateuch) It is imperative that you specify what “Israel” you are speaking about. Timeline ~2000BCE – Time of Abraham 1500-1300BCE – Moses and the Exodus from Egypt (the Bible has contradictions about the date, so pick one) 1020BCE – A monarchy was established with Saul, David, and Solomon as kings.
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o (Between 1020BCE – 920BCE, the area was known as the “United Monarchy”) 960BCE – First temple was built by Solomon in Jerusalem. 920BCE – Kingdom divided into North (Israel) and South (Judah) o (This time period is known as “Divided”) 721-720BCE – The Northern kingdom is destroyed by the Assyrians. o (This time period is known as the “South Only” Period) 586BCE- South is destroyed by the Babylonians. The first temple is destroyed as well. o (This time period is known as the “Babylonian Exile”) 539-538BCE – Babylonia falls to Persia and Cyrus of Persia allows Jews to come back to Jerusalem. 520BCE – Building of second temple. o (Between 539BCE – 330BCE is known as the “Persian Period”) 330BCE – Alexander the Great takes over the region. o (Between these two years, the period is known as the “Hellenistic Period”) 63BCE – the Romans conquer the region. 8-4BCE – Jesus Christ is born.
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THEO 102 Lecture Notes - 23 January 2007 Canon o Jewish...

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