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AC1307984 HS150 World Civilizations I Assignment 6_06February 5, 2016 Windell HindsThe Sui dynasty emerged from a tumultuous period of political unrest and instability based on competing power factions between warlords and local leaders, after 350 years. Stanley, P. (2015). In 589 A.D., a new political era began with a new emperor Yang Jian. The Sui dynasty lasted for a period of 37 years. Yang Jian, who is known by his posthumous name Wendi, was born of Chinese parents but had married into a non-Chinese military family; hewas a former official of the Zhou dynasty. After 581A.D. when the Zhou dynasty was dissolved in a storm of plots and murder, he managed to seize the throne and take control of North China and, by the end of 580s he had won the west and the south and began the unification of China. He centered his regime in Chang’an, the capital, and built it into one of the world’s greatest cities. Persons, (2015). Due to the reunification of China under Emperor Wendi, the Sui dynasty was based on political stability and facilitated social, political and economic growth. During this period there was significant economic growth in the agricultural sector, as well as in the skills industry with the expansion of services. In relation to the agricultural sector, as a way to reduce inequality, Emperor Wendi reverted to the land equalizing system. “The lands were divided and given to the peasants as individual farm land; this system was regarded in history as one of the greatest liberal
accomplishments in Chinese history” Stephen G. H (2015). Commerce prospered and helped to develop the national economy. Politically, systems were introduced to help govern the people better. Three departments and six ministries were established, the first in China’s history Anonymous (2016). Developments were made to improve infrastructure, including the means of transportation between the north and the south. A Grand Canal was constructed which is regarded as the lasting legacy of the Sui dynasty. It connected the Yellow River with the Yangtze River and had the effect of greatly increasing cultural and economic exchange between the two areas. In 604 A.D., Emperor Wendi was reportedly poisoned by his son Yandi to hasten his own rule, and from then on Yandi ruled as Emperor of the Sui dynasty. In the early part of his reign, Emperor Yandi benefited from the reforms of his father, and the Sui Dynasty achieved full economic prosperity. He was however deemed a disastrous leader, and abused his power by