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ETHOLOGY AND COMPARATIVE PSYCHOLOGY – EXAM 3

ETHOLOGY AND COMPARATIVE PSYCHOLOGY – EXAM 3 - PSYC 4385...

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PSYC 4385: ETHOLOGY AND COMPARATIVE PSYCHOLOGY – EXAM 3 Conflict – activation of 2+ βs at the same time that are at least partly incompatable. Animal Conflict Resolution – submissive signals, calming effects, tension reduction. Not based on rationality, more like wiring diagrams and their evolution. Most successful β becomes fixed Communication ritual o Ritual vs. ritualization – end β vs. evolution of β Ritualization leads to rituals o Semantization – Warning display in geese Take off leap is β Evolves – 1. take off, 2. honking 3. more things added to facilitate communication o Intention Movement Just like warning display o Two avenues of ritualization Not mutually exclusive Intention Movements in cannids prevent unnecessary injuries Grooming is a Derived β that slows down fight escalation Lorenz – behavioral tool o Authchthonous β Motivated by an internal source Eating due to hunger o Allochthonous β
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