anthro final study guide - Structural Violence(life boat...

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Structural Violence (life boat): the subtle forms of destructive or repressive force that people encounter in their everyday lives institutional frameworks that harm people certain groups of people are more susceptible to structural violence than others “structural violence refers to a set of deep-seated social attitudes, beliefs, and everyday practices that hinder a group’s wellbeing and chances for social mobility” (Uvin, 98) Farmer + Scheper-Hughes Scheper-Hughes> “Death Without Weeping” : late 20 th century (70s and 80s) she went to a part of Brazil called Alto do Cruziero where she found that women would neglect certain children if they were weak and going to die> this is structural violence because this culture has come to realize that the neglect of already unhealthy or dying children, is economically better for them>> this also leads to the use of “life boat mentality” where in a place with such high infant mortality and high fertility, mothers must decide which children to nourish and which to love> the mothers assign certain values to babies and if they are not valuable enough then they will not waste their time on this child>> letting a child go if it wants to die or if it has no “knack or taste” for life>> cultural practices of infant and child care tend to be organized primarily around survival goals (but not all children can be expected to live)>> “life boat ethics” indifference toward the suffering of their infants, mother is told not to cry, infant deaths become routine Violence and social structure are connected, we need to pay attention to social structures that make violence possible Structural violence also creates a sense of inclusion and exclusion Bourdieu talks of symbolic violence and how people blame themselves for their suffering, especially if they have internalized society’s views>> structure and practices both shape each other Farmer “Suffering Structural Violence” : end of 20 th century (1980s) his research was in Haiti to find out how political and economic forces have structured risk for AIDS, TB, and other diseases>> every day life feels like war and suffering is a constant in society>> Acephie Joseph’s and Chouchou Louis’s stories illustrate mechanisms through which large-scale social forces turn into sharp, hard surfaces of individual suffering>> in Haiti AIDS and political violence are two leading causes of death among young adults>> factors such as gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status may each be shown to play a role in rendering individuals and groups vulnerable to extreme human suffering>> a violence which has thus far defied the analysis of many seeking to understand the distribution of extreme suffering Connects to the idea of labeling theory because those labeled as abnormal are more likely to be victims of structural violence : ex. Homosexuals
Marx + Commodity Fetishism+Capitalist Economy: MARX: Karl Marx was a late 19th century philosopher. He believed in class

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