World History Midterm Study Guide-2 - WORLD HISTORY MIDTERM...

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WORLD HISTORY MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Term Definition Ibn Battuta Muslim scholar from Morocco that traveled all over Dar Al-Islam, his journey was indicative of the integrative effects of Dar Al-Islam, he ended up becoming a Sharia Law judge in India Zheng He Chinese naval admiral who was a eunuch, and was also Muslim. Led huge naval expeditions as a projection of military capacity and power. Last voyage marked the death of the emperor. Mali Est. in 1240 with Muslim majority, traded lots of gold and leather across the Saharan desert. Gold was the principle currency for European economies. Dar Al-Islam The world of Islam; from southern Spain to top half of Africa, Middle East, South East Asia. They weren’t politically unified but were unified by language and religion. Ferdinand Magellan First major European explorer to travel to the east, i.e. China Peace of Westphalia Series of treaties that created the foundation for national self-determination in Europe and ended the 30-years war. Virgin Soil Epidemics Diseases that were brought by the Europeans killed 50-90% of the native populations they touched. This was due to literally zero previous contact with these diseases and subsequently no resistance. Conquistadors The forefront of European expansion in the New World; they were a warrior class with values inculcated in them such as struggle, wealth through plunder, and victory in battle brings honor. This lead them to have no intention to be settlers, they just wanted to conqueror . Bartholome De Las Casas Chief critic of Spanish conduct in the New World.q In 1542 finally pressures Spanish to end enslavement of natives, Casas relied on Native informants to gain understanding of their world. It also means however that his informants must have been Christian converts and understand Spanish, yet still
have appreciation for Native culture and religion. Creole (Societies) Relations between the Spanish and Natives become so intertwined that the combination of cultures create their own unique type of influence. This in turn creates a divide between the mixed population and the “pure” Spaniards. It eventually leads to division into separate states. Mestizo At the time of Spanish conquering of Latin America, the only people who were there were young men who didn’t want the burden of a family while they were trying to make a killing. Therefore they turn to the natives for this need and create a mixed population known as the Mestizo. Dona Marina Conquistador Hernán Cortes has a native concubine that is used for not only sex, nut also information. She spoke Mayan, Aztec, and he used her as an ally to divide and conquer. I.e. ramp up existing division between communities to exploit them against each other. Treaty of Tordesillas Pope says “play nice” to the Europeans going into conquer the native land and decides to draw a line in the New World to divide who gets what. Portugal gets Africa and Brazil, while Spanish get the Philippines and South America. In the end the Spanish get cut out of the African slave

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