ANTHRO FINAL STUDY GUIDE-3 - Sociocultural Anthropology...

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Sociocultural Anthropology Final Exam Study Guide--5 will be on final, pick 3-define-link to readings-make connections-connect back to first semesterCultural RelativismThings have different meanings within different culturesWhat seems strange from an outsider’s perspective is familiar within from the culture’s perspectiveThe principle that an individuals beliefs should be understood by others from the context of that individual’s culture—learning the cultural reasoning behind practicesAnthropologists are expected to be culturally relativist, and observe without passing judgment on practices, but this can be taken to an extreme is they justify all practices as part of cultureIn the past, colonialism caused many to see cultural practices as primitiveOpposite theory to ethnocentrism—although Abu Lughod claims it is only an improvement on ethnocentrism, but still a flawed theoryCultural Relativism theme in almost all of the readingsImprovement on ethnocentrism and racism, but similar ideaReadings:oFarmer:Argues that cultural relativism effectively leads to lack of advocacy on the part of the poor and sick from doctors and anthropologists, who maintain a general ambivalence toward the suffering of the impoverished of the worldoAbu LughodReadingsBook—Veiled SentimentsArticle—Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving?Fix the oppression, don’t take away their veilWestern cultures see veiling as an oppressive act, but within the culture it doesn’t take this form, and the women see their veiling asan honorable part of their religion and cultureoBalinese cock fight—the act of betting holds much bigger significance in the context of their cultureoWitchcraft—seems irrational when looked at from the outside but from theperspective culture it plays a rational role(Homo)sexualityReadings:oOne Hundred Years of Homosexuality, Halperin
oKulick—Sex and Scandal in Brazil—Ronaldo, travistasOne Hundred Years, HalperinoLooks at homosexual behaviors throughout history, going on since way before the label existed—Ancient Greece, 17thCentury New EnglandoHalperin’s ideas connect to Foucault’s ideas about bodies, and the orderingof societyoHalperin—homosexuality is a social category who’s power is legitimized by biology and natureoMolles:Within Halperin’s piece‘soft or unmasculine men who depart from the cultural norm of manliness insofar as they actually desire to be subjected by other men to a feminine role in sexual intercourse’theory that homosexuality is like an excessive drive, it’s not naturalKaelius AurelianusSex and Scandal in Brazil, KulickoSoccer scandal with Ronaldo having sex with travistasControversy over whether this makes him gay or not?

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