Respiratory Review - Anatomy and Physiology II Review Sheet...

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Anatomy and Physiology II Review Sheet Chapter 21 Define the following: Upper respiratory tract Nasal cavity Ciliated pseudostratified epithelial tissue Nasal conchae (Superior, Middle, and Inferior Nasalconchae) Sinuses Pharynx Nasopharynx Oropharynx Laryngopharynx Lower respiratory tract Larynx Epiglottis Glottis Thyroid cartilage Cricoid cartilage Vocal fold Vestibular fold Trachea Primary bronchi Secondary bronchi Tertiary bronchi Bronchioles Alveolar duct Alveoli Pleural cavity Pleura
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Inspiration Expiration Diaphragm External intercostal muscles Internal intercostal muscles Sternocleidomastoid Pectoralis minor Respiratory cycle Tidal volume Inspiratory reserve volume Expiratory reserve volume Residual volume Vital capacity Inspiratory capacity Functional residual capacity Total lung capacity Central chemoreceptor Peripheral chemoreceptor Medullary respiratory center Pontine respiratory group Ventral respiratory group Dorsal respiratory group Partial pressures Hyperpnea Eupnea Hyperventilation Respiratory membrane Oxyhemoglobin
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Carbaminohemoglobin Ventilation External respiration Internal respiration Discuss the following: 1) general function of the respiratory system Exchanging internal gas with atmosphere and Transport of gases to body cells Terms: o Ventilation is the exchange of air in lungs with external atmosphere. o External Respiration is the exchange of gases in lungs with the blood. o Internal respiration is the exchange of gases in blood with cells. o Cellular Respiration is using gases to make ATP and also waste gas. 2) the components of the upper respiratory tract Upper respiratory tract is above the Larynx.
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