Machiavelli

Machiavelli - Son 1 Teressa Son [email protected] SF II- Dr....

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Son 1 Teressa Son [email protected] SF II- Dr. Apsel 02/20/08 Essay Choice #1 Machiavelli addresses the relationship and characteristics of an efficient ruler and form of government in The Prince and The Art of War . The Prince was written by Machiavelli with the intention to give guidance for those perpetual new princes arising in a time of instability caused by war. As the founding father of political science, Machiavelli examines and manipulates historical and contemporary events to conform it to his advocacy of political realism; war and violence is integral to the functions of society- it is the reality of the present, past, and future. The Art of War serves a similar purpose but the argument is centered on how the state, the ruler, and the army must be orchestrated to complement each other in order to achieve the ultimate goal of a stabile government. Artfully the ruler must indiscernibly implement force to guide the public into a general consensus. Nonetheless, tact alone cannot ensure the safeguard of the prince. Fortune must follow correspondingly with the momentum of change and power. Force is a propelling element in The Prince and The Art of War ; while the former text concentrates on how the leader must strategically calculate his actions in wartime to preserve his power in the state, the latter magnifies the necessity of war to maintain state sovereignty. The prince must be able to aptly adjust to the changing dynamics of time and politics. His virtu is integral to the well-being of the state. In The Art of War , the military leader, the prince, is able to demonstrate his skill through “imitation of the ancients [which is] to honor and reward ability; to value the methods and institutions of military discipline…to value public interests over private interests” (The Art of War , p489). The Renaissance focus on the classical era is
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Son 2 demonstrated through this quote. Virtu is attained by operating violence to build the ardor of the state. The nature of the quote possesses a dichotomy in which it inspires both the soldier and the prince to propagate the propriety of violence. It is also implied by Machiavelli through the voice of Fabrizio that capable military leaders were able to “establish a good army and then wage war with it” (The Art of War , p512). War is essential for change and unification; the effective ruler must recognize that the army is the backbone of the state. Likewise, in The Prince , Machiavelli reiterates the discernment that “a prince…must not…take anything as his profession but war, its institutions, and its discipline” (The Prince , p124). However, The Prince primarily steers toward the security of the prince whereas The Art of War is concerned with matters of the statehood. The term ‘good’ is often utilized in a positive perspective in The Art of War
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This essay was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course SOCI T03 taught by Professor Peyroux during the Fall '08 term at NYU.

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Machiavelli - Son 1 Teressa Son [email protected] SF II- Dr....

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