psyc_vocab_8 - Chapter 8 Motivation and Emotion motivation:...

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Chapter 8 – Motivation and Emotion motivation : internal processes that activate, guide, and maintain behavior over time drive theory : a theory of motivation suggesting that behavior is “pushed” from within by drives stemming from basic biological needs homeostasis : a state of physiological balance within the body expectancy theory : a theory of motivation suggesting that behavior is “pulled” by expectations of desirable outcomes incentives : rewards individuals seek to attain goal-setting theory : the view that motivation can be strongly influenced by goals hierarchy of needs : in Maslow’s theory of motivation, an arrangement of needs from the most basic to those at the highest levels hunger motivation : the motivation to obtain and consume food sexual motivation : motivation to engage in various forms of sexual relations gonads : the primary sex glands heterosexual : a sexual orientation in which individuals prefer sexual relations with members of the other sex bisexual : a sexual orientation in which individuals engage in sexual relations with members of both sexes homosexual : a sexual orientation in which individuals prefer sexual relations with members of their sex sexual orientation : individuals’ preference for sexual relations with their own sex, the other sex, or both achievement motivation : the desire to accomplish difficult tasks and meet standards of excellence
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intrinsic motivation : motivation to perform activities because they are rewarding in and of themselves affect : temporary and relatively mild shifts in current feelings and mood Cannon-Bard theory : a theory of emotion suggesting that various emotion-provoking events simultaneously produce subjective reactions labeled as emotions and physiological arousal James-Lange theory : a theory of emotion suggesting that emotion-provoking events produce various physiological reactions and that recognition of these is responsible for subjective and emotional experiences facial feedback hypothesis : a hypothesis indicating that facial expressions can produce changes in emotional states Schachter-Singer theory : (two-factor theory) a theory of emotion suggesting that our
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course PSYC 1010 taught by Professor Hubble during the Spring '08 term at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

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psyc_vocab_8 - Chapter 8 Motivation and Emotion motivation:...

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