Psyc_vocab_9 - Chapter 9 Personality and Intelligence Understanding Individual Differences individual differences perspective the approach to

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Chapter 9 – Personality and Intelligence: Understanding Individual Differences individual differences perspective : the approach to psychology that focuses on how individuals differ from one another personality : individuals’ unique and relatively stable patterns of behavior, thoughts, and feelings psychoanalysis : a method of therapy based on Freud’s theory of personality, in which the therapist attempts to bring repressed, unconscious material into unconsciousness id : in Freud’s theory, the portion of personality concerned with immediate gratification of primitive needs pleasure principle : the principle on which the id operates, according to which immediate pleasure is the sole motivation for behavior ego : in Freud’s theory, the part of personality that takes account of external reality in the expression of instinctive sexual and aggressive urges reality principle : the principle according to which the ego operates, in which the external consequences of behavior are considered in the expression of impulses from the id superego : according to Freud, the portion of human personality representing the conscience Freudian slips : statements that seem to be simple errors in speech but that in fact reveal unconscious thoughts or impulses psychosexual stages of development : according to Freud, an innate sequence of stages through which all the humans pass; at each stage, pleasure is focused on a different region of the body libido : according to Freud, the psychic energy that powers all mental activity fixation : excessive investment of psychic energy in a particular stage of psychosexual development; this results in various types of psychological disorders oral stage : a stage of psychosexual development during which pleasure is a centered in the region of the mouth anal stage : in Freud’s theory, a psychosexual stage of development in which pleasure is focused primarily on the anal zone phallic stage : an early stage of psychosexual development during which pleasure is centered in the genital region; it is during this stage that the Oedipus complex develops Oedipus complex : in Freud’s theory, a crisis of psychosexual development in which children must give up their sexual attraction for their opposite-sex parent latency stage : in Freud’s theory, the psychosexual stage of development that follows resolution of the Oedipus complex; during this stage, sexual desires are relatively weak
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genital stage : the final stage of psychosexual development, one in which individuals acquire the adult capacity to combine lust with affection anxiety : in Freudian theory, unpleasant feelings of tension or worry experienced by individuals in reaction to unacceptable wishes or impulses neo-Freudians : personality theorists who accepted basic portions of Freud’s theory but rejected or modified other portions collective unconscious : in Jung’s theory, a portion of the unconscious shared by all humans archetypes : according to Jung, inherited images in the collective unconscious that shape our perceptions
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course PSYC 1010 taught by Professor Hubble during the Spring '08 term at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

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Psyc_vocab_9 - Chapter 9 Personality and Intelligence Understanding Individual Differences individual differences perspective the approach to

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