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Diagnostic TestsBelow are the common diagnostic tests perform in health carefacilities that we should be familiarizing as a nurse.PPD test1.Read result 48 – 72 hours after injection.2.For HIV positive clients, in duration of 5 mm is consideredpositiveBronchography1.Secure consent2.Check for allergies to seafood or iodine or anesthesia3.NPO 6-8 hours before the test4.NPO until gag reflex return to prevent aspirationThoracentesis – (Aspiration of fluid in thepleural space.)1.Secure consent, take V/S2.Position upright leaning on over bed table3.Avoid cough during insertion to prevent pleural perforation4.Turn to unaffected side after the procedure to prevent leakageof fluid in the thoracic cavity5.Check for expectoration of blood. This indicate trauma andshould be reported to MD immediately.Holter Monitor1.It is continuous ECG monitoring, over 24 hours period2.The portable monitoring is called telemetry unitEchocardiogram1.Ultrasound to assess cardiac structure and mobility2.Client should remain still, in supine position slightly turned tothe left side, with HOB elevated 15-20 degreesElectrocardiography1.

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Term
Fall
Professor
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Tags
Cardiology, Pneumothorax, Electrocardiography, MD, positive clients

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