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Sexual Violence and Prevention in Colorado.docx - Sexual...

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Sexual Violence and PreventionSouthern New Hampshire University
Framing the IssueIntimate partner violence (IPV), or domestic violence, is a pattern of behavior thatincludes physical violence, sexual violence, stalking, or emotional abuse committed by a formeror current intimate partner (Healthy People, 2016). Victims of IPV are at a higher risk fornegative health impacts such as substance abuse, suicide attempts, premature death, mentalhealth issues, and numerous other negative outcomes (Healthy People, 2016). In effort to reducesexual violence nationwide, there were national intervention programs that were implemented.Intervention programs provide a coordinated and organized health protection strategy to improveoverall health (Database of Interventions, 2015). Intervention programs use the primaryprevention level, this means that approaches are taken before violence has occured to preventvictimization and perpetration (Picture of America Prevention, 2017). Interventional programsthat are related to IPV include education, training activities, policies, and community basedprograms to engage the public to prevent sexual violence. These interventional programs can beseen in effect by looking at a specific success story from Colorado.The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) established aSexual Violence Prevention Program, which provides funding to nine community basedprograms that work to prevent sexual violence (Healthy People, 2016). The primary focus of theSexual Violence Prevention Program is engaging communities to address root causes of sexualviolence, collecting data and conducting program evaluations across the state, and collaboratingwith other violence prevention fields (Healthy People, 2016). One of the communities that wasfunded by CDPHE’s program, Tu Casa, implemented an intervention program that is called SafeDates (Healthy People, 2016). This program, Safe Dates, is an evidence based adolescent datingabuse prevention program that consists of ten sessions that focuses on healthy and abusiverelationships, positive communication, anger management, and conflict resolution (Healthy
Framing the IssuePeople, 2016). After a four year follow up, those students who participated in the programreported “fewer perpetrations of physical and sexual violence and less victimization of sexualviolence than those who didn’t participate” (Healthy People, 2016). The program also was foundto work for boys and girls who had already experienced IPV and also those who had notexperienced it prior to participating. These prevention programs deliver an essential service ofpublic health. The essential service is developing policies and plans that support individual andcommunity efforts (10 Essential Public Health Services, 2021). This also includes aligningresources to make sure that the policies and plans are successful. The efforts in Colorado had astrong impact on the development and education across the state, and will continue to reduce thenumber of IVP in teens and adults.

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