Midterm Study Guide NA - Midterm Study Guide: Anthropology...

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Midterm Study Guide: Anthropology 315First Nations:A designation in Canada for their Eskimo (Inuit), Indian and Métis people.·Aleuts and Eskimos are separate from Indians·Aleuts and Eskimos are most Asiatic of indigenous New World peoples·ALL Eskimos aren’t Inuit·Alaska/Serbia = YuitNative Americans came from Asiaand reached the Americas:·15,000 years agoin thefirst wave.·8,000 years agoin thesecond wave(athabascan)·5,000 years agoin thethird wave(Eskimos; Alaska, Canada, Russia,Greenland)o[WL1]5 groups in Alaska, only one Inuitgroup mostly in Canada and some inAlaska.British Colonial Areas·Powhatan attackson colonists justified the colonists’ destruction of the “savages.”·Each colony was different in their experience with Indians based on the settlers’backgrounds and the Indians they encountered.·Puritans/Quakers/Christian missionaries tried to convert them.Spanish Areas·Entered southwest in 1540, expected to find barbarians/savages, wanted to civilizethem.·Goal was to create self-sufficient Roman Catholic communities.·Missionaries in New Mexico usually accompanied by soldiers to reinforce Spanishauthority.·Pueblo Revolt of 1680·Great Encomienda grants:land grant in southwest given to Spanish colonists as areward for services rendered; included control over resident Indians.French Areas·Could maintain peaceful relations based on the fur tradeNative Impacts on Europe and European thought:·Initially shocked because Native Americans weren’t mentioned in the bible andweren’t yet viewed as primitive savages·Hadcultural and economicimpact, helping spark theRenaissance; there was a lotof gold available. More wealth brought back into Europe.·Natives offered Europeans ideas on hygiene (baths); introduced tobacco, maze,rubber, in which Europeans brought this over to trade.·Native women vs. European women·Colonial settlers might have starved if it weren’t for the use of Indian farming methods.Native Americans after the Revolutionary War:·Proclamation Act of 1763oIndian control over all land not formally surrendered to the crown.·Relatively free and independent until the War of 1812 ended.·1775, three agencies created by Continental Congress·Assimilation was enforced on a higher level as Indians were forced to acceptreservation life. They were robbed of their sacred lands. The peace policy gave the

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Term
Spring
Professor
TokThompson
Tags
Anthropology, Native Americans in the United States, New Mexico, na dene language

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