JS211 FINAL REVIEW - 1 2 3 4 5 Title My Life Before and...

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1. Title: My Life Before and After Hitler 2. Author: Edwin Landau 3. Date: 1940; reflecting on 1918-1940. 4. Purpose: to display the jewish reaction to Nazi persecution 5. Historical context: took place during the time in which Hitler first became appointed as chancellor and the Nazi Regime first went into full effect…and when the alienation of jews in society began. [Phase 1] Main Concepts: - jews gradual alienation in society. Ex: the Jewish businesses being ruined by officers and people with jobs like teachers being kicked out of their jobs. - Landau has a feeling of betrayal by his country and immediate hatred that leads to his detachment of his Germany identity. Still a religious jew, but loss of cultural identity. - Landau compares this to Satanism . Also to jesus crucifixion and how the jews are “being hung on the swastika cross” - The jewish response overall: mental anguish/ pain - Major loss of faith - Compares himself to a “pendulum” because he has nothing to hold onto. - Jews are stripped of their title as a religious community/nation in Germany - Eventual lead into Zionism…which gives landau “spiritual elevation” and the ability to let go of his anger and start his life anew. 1. Title: Marta Appel: Memoir Excerpt 2. Author: Marta Appel 3. Date: 1940/1941; reflecting on 1933-1937 4. Purpose: to reflect on the separation of Jews from society and the Jewish reaction to the persecution by the Nazis. 5. Historical context: this was written during the time in which Jews were being separated from society from others. [Phase 1] Main Concepts: - illustrates the negative effect of nazi persecution on business/communtiies, and families. - Fidelity and friendship were replaced by fear/treachery - Life changed immensely on a social basis. Jews felt immediate loss of safety within society. Instilled constant fear, insecurity, and uncertainity - Mentions “new shame” because she is not able to carry on with her usual daily life - Was personally disapoineted but more concerned with how childten would be affected. - Bitter bc bitterness was brought to her children - Jews were suffering a “deep degradation”
- Talks about hannukah [identifying point] - MAIN POINT is that jews were being separated from society and it was happening at the young ages. Like at the elementary schools - Children taught about two races: higher [Germans who were to rule the word] and lower , [Jews] - Similar to Landau, “it was no longer the same country for me” - Husband was a rabbi - Issue of leaving and starting a new life vs. staying and having courage and not backing down. - Mentions how Nuremberg laws were that factor that confirmed that Jews were no longer a part of society even tho they had responsibilities of a citizen. - “life in a small town had become intolerable for jews” - unselfish love of parents sent their kids off to other countries for a better life [PALESTINE] - PALESTINE = the place to build a “NEW GERMANY” - What set the father off and convinced him to finally move was his daughters

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