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1.Title: My Life Before and After Hitler2.Author: Edwin Landau3.Date: 1940; reflecting on 1918-1940.4.Purpose: to display the jewish reaction to Nazi persecution5.Historical context: took place during the time in which Hitler first became appointed as chancellor and the Nazi Regime first went into full effect…and when the alienation of jews in society began. [Phase 1]Main Concepts:-jews gradual alienation in society. Ex: the Jewish businesses being ruined by officers and people with jobs like teachers being kicked out of their jobs.-Landau has a feeling of betrayal by his country and immediate hatred that leads to his detachment of his Germany identity. Still a religious jew, but loss of cultural identity.-Landau compares this to Satanism . Also to jesus crucifixion and how the jewsare “being hung on the swastika cross”-The jewish response overall: mental anguish/ pain-Major loss of faith-Compares himself to a “pendulum” because he has nothing to hold onto.-Jews are stripped of their title as a religious community/nation in Germany-Eventual lead into Zionism…which gives landau “spiritual elevation” and the ability to let go of his anger and start his life anew. 1.Title: Marta Appel: Memoir Excerpt2.Author: Marta Appel3.Date: 1940/1941; reflecting on 1933-19374.Purpose: to reflect on the separation of Jews from society and the Jewish reaction to the persecution by the Nazis. 5.Historical context: this was written during the time in which Jews were being separated from society from others. [Phase 1]Main Concepts:-illustrates the negative effect of nazi persecution on business/communtiies, and families.-Fidelity and friendship were replaced by fear/treachery-Life changed immensely on a social basis. Jews felt immediate loss of safety within society. Instilled constant fear, insecurity, and uncertainity-Mentions “new shame” because she is not able to carry on with her usual daily life -Was personally disapoineted but more concerned with how childten would be affected.-Bitter bc bitterness was brought to her children-Jews were suffering a “deep degradation”
-Talks about hannukah [identifying point]-MAIN POINT is that jews were being separated from society and it was happening at the young ages. Like at the elementary schools-Children taught about two races: higher[Germans who were to rule the word] and lower, [Jews]-Similar to Landau, “it was no longer the same country for me”-Husband was a rabbi-Issue of leaving and starting a new life vs. staying and having courage and notbacking down.-Mentions how Nuremberg laws were that factor that confirmed that Jews were no longer a part of society even tho they had responsibilities of a citizen. -“life in a small town had become intolerable for jews”-unselfish love of parents sent their kids off to other countries for a better life [PALESTINE]-PALESTINE = the place to build a “NEW GERMANY”-What set the father off and convinced him to finally move was his daughters