Chapter1 - UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS School of...

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UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS School of Merchandising and Hospitality Management SMHM 4300-Survey of Beverages Spring 2006 CLASS NOTES: Alcoholic Beverages-History (1) Definition: ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE: Any potable liquid which contains ethyl alcohol. In may have as little as ½ %(0.05 %) and as much as 95 % alcohol by volume The ½ % was chosen by the US Government at the time of Prohibition/and its Repeal to define an intoxicating beverage. At ½ %, you will need 4 to 5 Gallons of such beverage to become intoxicated. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT Professionals continue to debate as to the exact origin of the term wine – but there is wide agreement that the Hittite script wee-on is considered to be the first recorded word for wine around 1500 B. C The Oxford English Dictionary credits the old English word win , which is associated with the Latin word vinum, which we trace to the Greek word oinos. The exact date when alcoholic beverages were first consumed by humans is debatable. About 8,000 to 10,000 BC our early ancestors discovered that fermented fruit, or grain, or milk, or rice tasted good or made one happy or both. There are references to the bible in both the Old and the New Testaments: (a) Noah as he settled down after the flood he planted a vineyard and ….drank of the wine. (b) The first miracle of Jesus Christ involved the wedding at Canaan-where water was turned into wine, and the last meal Jesus had with his Disciples he offered them a cup of wine, which
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in some Christian Churches it is still offered. Early people fermented anything that would ferment – honey, grapes, grains, dates, rice, sugarcane, milk, peppers, berries, sesame seeds, etc. Historical records show that grapes were cultivated as early as 6,000 BC both in the Middle East and in Asia. Egyptians as well as Chinese were tending their vines at about the same time. A single Eurasian grape-species – vitus vinifera among about 100 such species, which gorw in the temperate climates of Asia, Europe and North America, is the source of 99 per cent of the wines of the world. The Greeks are reported to have learned their viticulture knowledge from the Egyptians and began to make wine around 2,000 BC -- this is the beginning of the development of alcoholic beverages in the West (Europe). The Greeks discovered the art of aging wine in cylindrical vessels known as amphorae. They were made of clay and were remarkably airtight. As Greeks colonized the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, we find grapevines around 1,000BC in Sicily, Lower Italy, and North Africa. By 500 BC vines were found in the Iberian Peninsula (Spain/Portugal), Southern France, and even Southern Russia (the Black Sea area). Conquering Saracens(Arab) tribes in the Middle
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course SMHM 4300 taught by Professor Katsigris during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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Chapter1 - UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS School of...

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