Chapter 8 - UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS School of...

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UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS School of Merchandising and Hospitality Management SMHM 4300 Survey Of Beverages Spring 2006 (8) CLASS NOTES The Wines of France-A To begin understanding the Wines of France we need to look at the Map of France. It depends on how detailed we want to get. We will discuss 8 wine regions as follows: Regions Major grapes (1) Alsace-mostly white wines Riesling, Gewürztraminer Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris (2) Bordeaux-red and white wines Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon Sauvignon Franc (3) Burgundy-white and red wines Pinot Noir, Chardonnay (4) Champagne-mostly sparking Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, wines Pinot Meunier (5) Cotes Du Provance-red, rose Grenache, Syrah, Cissault, wines Mourvedre. (6) Cotes Du Rhone-mostly red Syrah, Grenache wines (7) Languedoc-Rousillon-red and Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, White wines Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay (8) Loire-Mostly- white wine Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc Strict governing laws that are set-up by the now well-known name of Appellation d Origine Controlee, or simply-A.O.C regulates the French wine industry. AOC sets minimum requirements for each wine producing area of France. Understanding AOC laws helps us decipher wine labels,
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since the AOC controls the following: (a) Geographic origin- A large region, a district, a village, a vineyard. (b) Grape Variety - Which grapes can be planted in a given location. (c ) Minimum Alcohol Content - this varies based on the particular area where grapes are planted (d) Vineyard Practices - Limits how much wine can be produced per acre. Pruning methods used, number of vines planted per acre, are other methods used to control vineyard practices. The AOC system was first introduced in 1855 in Bordeaux, when Napoleon III was Emperor. During the 1855 Paris Exposition the Bordeaux Chamber of Commerce was given the task of showcasing the best wines. Back then, the price of the bottle of wine was the major selection factor 61 such wines were selected. Only once since 1855 has another wine been added to the prestigious list- Chateau-Mouton Rothschild in 1973. The four categories of wine under the AOC are: (a) Appellation d Origine Controlee-AOC (b) Vin delimite de quality superieur (c) Vin de Pays (d) Vin de Table (a) AOC- represents about 52% of French wines. This reflects the importance the French place on location- terroir- as a significant factor for quality. French wines stress the place name on the label and do not usually mention the grape variety. Within the AOC category there are provisions for some regions
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course SMHM 4300 taught by Professor Katsigris during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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Chapter 8 - UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS School of...

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