Running Head: SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS1Case Analysis – Adapting to Market ConditionsSaint Kitts and NevisJackie RaynorArgosy University
SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS2Executive SummarySaint Kitts and Nevis make up an island country in the Caribbean Sea. In the early 1620s the British began to settle on both islands. The French, however, also began to settle on St. Christopher’s Island, whose name was shortened to St. Kitts. The 1783 Treaty of Paris recognized Britain’s jurisdiction over both islands. In 1967, Saint Kitts, Nevis, and Anguilla all became a self-governing state in affiliation with Great Britain. Anguilla withdrew from the treaty later that year and to this day, remains a British territory. Saint Kitts and Nevis became knows as The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevisin 1983 and achieved their full independence. The alliance between both Saint Kitts and Nevis has not been an easy one since they claimed their independence. In 1998, Nevis chose to vote to separate itself from St. Kitts, but fell short of the majority votes needed (Countrywatch, 2015). The sugar-plantation economy started a long and irreversible decline early in the 19thcentury, as the growth of production outpaced that of demand and trade regimes began to shift from a policy of pref- erential markets for colonial planters toward competitive sales allowing buyers to seek the lowest available price. Throughout the British Empire, the slave trade was banned in 1808 and slavery abol- ished altogether in 1834. Thereafter, St. Kitts and Nevis becamebackwaters in the English colonial system, with little activity besides sugar growing but scant remuneration from that crop. As the popu- lation increased, poverty worsened for many inhabitants, and a pattern of emigration, mostly to larger and somewhat more prosperous Caribbean islands, set in.
SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS3Macroeconomic ConditionSaint Kitts and Nevis’s economy of is solely dependent on tourism, which has replaced the traditional sugar industry, which folded in July 2005 after decades of losses. The macroeconomic environment in Saint Kitts and Nevis is broadly stable: inflation is relatively low, there are no restrictions on capital flows, and exchange-rate uncertainty is limited.
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