AS 144 MT SKELETAL AND MUSCULAR ST Script(1) - AS 144 Medical Terminology Specialized Terminology for the Skeletal System SLIDE#2 Key Terms Acetabulum

AS 144 MT SKELETAL AND MUSCULAR ST Script(1) - AS 144...

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AS 144 Medical Terminology Specialized Terminology for the Skeletal System SLIDE #2: Key Terms Acetabulum Allogenic Ankylosing Spondylitis Arthrodesis Arthrolysis Arthroscopy Autologous Chondroma Chondromalaci a Comminuted Fracture Compression Fracture Costochondritis Craniostenosis Crepitation Fibrous Dysplasia Hallux Valgus Hemarthrosis Hemopoietic Internal Fixation Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Kyphosis Laminectomy Lordosis Lumbago Malleolus Manubrium Metacarpals Metatarsals Myeloma Open Fracture Orthopedic Surgeon Orthotic Osteitis Osteoarthritis Osteochondrom a Osteoclasis Osteomalacia Osteomyelitis Osteonecrosis Osteopenia Osteoporosis Osteoporotic Hip Fracture Osteorraphy Paget’s Disease Pathologic Fracture Percutaneous Vertebroplasty Periostitis Podiatrist Prosthesis Rheumatoid Arthritis Rickets Scoliosis Spina Bifida Spiral Fracture Spondylolisthes is Spondylosis Subluxation Synovectomy Vertebrae SLIDE #3: Objectives Identify the major functions of the Skeletal System Define pathological terms associated with the Skeletal System Name three types of bony joint SLIDE #4: Medical specialties of the skeletal system Chiropractor o Adjust misalignments that have occurred between the bones, ligaments, and tendons Orthopedic surgeon Podiatrist o Focus on foot and ankle
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Rheumatologist o Focus on inappropriate response of the immune reaction to parts of the skeletal system SLIDE #5: Generalized Pathologies of the skeletal system Ankylosis – stiffening Hemarthrosis – blood in joint Spondylosis – spinal bone abnormalities Arthritis – joint inflammation Costochondritis – rib inflammation Synovitis – inflammation of synovial joints Chondroma – cartilage tumor or growth Hallux valgus - bunion Polymyalgia rheumatica – widespread pain in joints SLIDE #6: Pathology of the skeletal system (cont.) Sprain – damage to ligaments Dislocation – significant misalignment of bones Subluxation – mild misalignment of bones SLIDE #7: Arthritis Osteoarthritis – wear and tear based inflammation most commonly due to age and breakdown of articular cartilage o Spondylosis – spinal bone abnormalities as bones weaken o Osteopenia – bone thinning/degeneration o Associated fractures: Compression (vertebral); Colles’ (wrist); hip Gouty arthritis – due to buildup of uric acid in joints Rheumatoid arthritis – due to an inappropriate immune response where immune cells attach the individual’s joints o Ankylosing spondylitis – inflammation causing stiffening in the vertebrae o Juvenile - beginning at a young age SLIDE #8: Spinal column pathology Lumbago – back pain
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