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Human Sexuality Throughout HistoryBy: Kortnee HardinConceptonReligionWorldWar I &The Roaring 20’sGenderRolesThe Sexual RevolutonContraceptvesThe Media & Internet
CONCEPTIONThroughout history there have been various myths and theories surrounding conception and human birth.Aristotle’s beliefs that conception of a fetus resulted from the mixture of menstrual blood and seminal fluid. Some prehistoric cultures even thought it was possible for a man to become pregnant (Greenberg, 2014) With the invention of the microscope in 1677 came the discovery of sperm. Although many scientist debated the responsibility of sperm in conception.At the same time as scientist discovery and ideals regarding sperm came the introduction of ovist, who believe the female egg itself was the baby and the sperm was simply an activating agent.It wasn’t until 1875 that ovists were able to prove that the sperm had to penetrate and then combine with the female egg for conception to occur.Until recently it was also believe that sex was reserved for conception and sex without the intent was sinful. While conception and reproduction plays a role in human sexuality, it doesn’t have the impact and influence of the other historical events.
RELIGIONReligion could be said to have had the most impact on American human sexuality until recently when media and peers have started to emerge. Since the beginning of time, religions have sought to guide people’s sexual activities and practices. Religion plays a role in a variety ways from use of contraceptives, abortions, homosexual relationship and sex outside of marriage. For example:In 1959 Catholic Bishops condemned the United States Government for promoting artificial birth control. Still to this day many different religions do not believe in the use of birth control.Rev. William Johnson was the first openly gay priest ordained in any Christian group in 1972. The long debated stance on same sex marriage is still a hot topic today, as many religions believe marriage is a sacred act between a man and a women.
WORLD WAR I & THE ROARING 20S’Before WWI the Gibson Girl, who wore long straight skirts and shirts with high collars, were all the rage. Their attire allowed them to break