Chapter 14 - Chapter 14-Section 1 HW Setting the Stage...

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Chapter 14-Section 1 HW 04/15/2012 ° Setting the Stage ° - Historians call the period between the 500 and 1000 the “dark ages” ° - A new spirit invaded the church and brought about a spiritual revival of the clergy. The church began restructuring itself and started massive building programs to create new places of worship. ° ° The Age of Faith ° - Monasteries led the spiritual revival. The monastery founded at Cluny in France in 910 was important. o The reformers wanted to return to the basic principles of the Christian religion, and then established new religious orders. The popes began to reform the church. o They restored and expanded its power and authority. o A new age of religious feeling was born. The Age of Faith. ° I) Problems in the Church ° -Priest-illiterate and could barley read their prayers ° -Bishops and Abbots cared more about their positions as feudal lords than their duties as spiritual leaders. ° - Reformers were concerned by 3 main issues. Many village priest married and had families, which was against the church rule. Bishops sold positions in the church, this practice was called simony . Using the practice of lay investiture, kings appointed church bishops. The church alone should appoint bishops. ° II) Reform and Church Organization. ° - Pope Leo IX and Pope Gregory VII enforced church laws against simony and priest marriage.
The popes who followed reorganized the church to continue the policy of reform. In 1100s and 1200s, the church was reconstructed to resemble a kingdom, with the pope at its head. o The pope’s group of advisers was called the papal Curia. Acted as a court. Developed canon law on matters such as marriage, divorce, and inheritance Decided cases on these ( ) laws. o Diplomats for the pope traveled in Europe dealing with bishops and kings, in which the popes established authority. -To form tithes, the church collected taxes. Consumed one-tenth of the yearly income from every Christian family. The church used the money to perform social services such as caring for and the sick and the poor, in which they operated most hospitals. ° III) New Religious Orders ° - Friars traveled from place to place preaching and spreading the church’s ideas. Friars, took vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience. They did not live apart from the world- preached to the poor. They owned nothing and lived by begging. ° - Dominic, a Spanish priest, founded the Dominicans (one of the earliest orders of the friars). He emphasized the importance of study-many were scholars. ° - Francis of Assisi, and Italian, founded another order of friars- The Franciscans Treated all creatures as if they were his spiritual brothers and sisters. ° - Women played an important role in the spiritual revival.

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