12.12.07 Clientelism and Democracy in Latin America and Brazil

12.12.07 Clientelism and Democracy in Latin America and Brazil

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Clientelism and Democracy in Latin America and Brazil 12.12.07 Definition of clientelism A hierarchical exchange relationship between actors of different social status and wealth Favelas as Political Machines Many votes Poorly educated populace Vulnerable population Cheap votes Cabo Eleitoral Political boss Arranges votes for candidates Acts as liaison between candidates and populace Not an equal relationship (clientelistic) A tale of two favelas Robert gay – popular organization and democracy in rio de janeiro Sociologists, 1980s, spent 1.5 years looking at 2 different favelas and observing the impact of democracy and how they were adapting Politics in vila brasil Neighborhood association President Political participation kept at minimum Politics in vidigal Neighborhood association highly organized
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Unformatted text preview: Run by a directorate of 20 volunteers Convenes twice a week Steadfastly refuses to exchange votes for favors Traditional politics Authoritarian Political power narrowly construed Political competition is regulated Symptoms Non-ideological parties Patron-client dominated Oligarchs in control of parties Implications Even with democratization, still the inability to deal with: Land reform Privatization Taking away politicians tool of rewarding Constitutional reform Revisiting brazil Traditional politics in vila brasil may not have been all that bad in the fact that it provided goods and services to people, vs. vidigal – nothing got done Is clientelism simply the developing world’s version of democracy?...
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2008 for the course PSCI 2012 taught by Professor Davidbrown during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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12.12.07 Clientelism and Democracy in Latin America and Brazil

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