Psych chap 1-2 study guide

Psych chap 1-2 study guide - PSY 1000 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE...

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PSY 1000 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE Fall, 2006 *Study pages 1-3 of the syllabus! Be very familiar with everything on this list. Know definitions of concepts, be able to identify concepts in examples, and know how concepts are related. As always, read the chapters. Chapter 1 1. Psychology (define) --The scientific study of behavior and mental processes. 2. Scientific method --The orderly, systematic procedures that researchers follow as they identify a research problem, design a study to investigate the problem, collect and analyze data, draw conclusions, and communicate their findings. 3. Theory --A general principle or set of principles proposed to explain how a number of separate facts are related. 4. Goals of psychology --Describe --- Researchers describe the behavior or mental process of interest as accurately and completely as possible. --Explain ---Requires an understanding of the conditions under which a given behavior or mental process occurs. Enables researchers to state the causes of the behavior or mental process they are studying. Tells why a given event or behavior occurred. --Predict ---When researchers can specify the conditions under which a behavior or event is likely to occur. --Influence ---When researchers know how to apply a principle or change a condition to prevent unwanted occurrences or to bring about desired outcomes. *** Goals of psychology attempt to describe (What), predict (When), 5. Types of studies (naturalistic observation/laboratory observation, case study, survey research, Correlational method, & experimental method) – --Naturalistic observation --- observe without influence or control. Ex. Studying aggressiveness in preschool classrooms. Count the number of times a child hits or pushes another as an aggressive act….Pg 8. --Laboratory observation --- A research method that is controlled in a lab setting. Ex. Sleep study. --Case study ---A single individual or a small number of persons are studied in great depth over an extended period of time. Ex. Used to study people who have uncommon psychological or physiological disorders or brain injuries.
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--Survey Research ---Descriptive research method in which researchers use interviews and/or questionnaires the gather information about the attitudes, beliefs, experiences, or behaviors of a group of people. --Correlational Method ---Degree of relationship between two characteristics, events, or behaviors. Ex. Male and female students in psychology where tested to find out whether males or females would complete a set of logic puzzles more quickly. --Experimental Method --- The only research method that can identify cause-effect relationships. (If there are two or more groups influenced by separate variables.) Ex. An experiment to determine if alcohol causes aggression or the just thought or alcohol. 6.
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Psych chap 1-2 study guide - PSY 1000 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE...

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