Exam 5 Study Guide

Exam 5 Study Guide - Chapter 13 Read chapter carefully! 1....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 13 – Read chapter carefully! 1. Health psychology - 2. Stress -The physiological and psychological response to a condition that threatens or challenges and individual and requires some form of adaptation or adjustment. 3. Fight-or-flight response -The body’s sympathetic nervous system triggers the release of hormones that prepare the body to fight or escape from a threat. 4. Stressors -Stimuli or events that are capable of producing physical or emotional stress. 5. Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) – what it does, its shortcomings -What it does —Measures stress by ranking different life events from most to least stressful and assigning a point value to each event. -Shortcomings —It assigns a point value to each life change without taking into account how an individual copes with that stressor. 6. Conflicts: approach-approach, avoidance-avoidance, approach-avoidance -Approach-approach —A choice among equally desirable alternatives -Avoidance-avoidance —A choice between two undesirable alternatives -Approach-Avoidance —A single choice that has both desirable and undesirable features. 7. Posttraumatic stress disorder – causes, symptoms, “survivor guilt” -Causes --Prolonged and severe stress reaction to a catastrophic event or to severe, chronic stress. -Symptoms —Flashbacks, nightmares, or intrusive memories that make them feel as though they are actually re-experiencing the traumatic event. -“Survivor guilt ”—Survivors of war or catastrophic events who feel guilty about living while others died; some feel that they should have done more to save the others. 8. Selye’s work -Most prominently associated with the effects of stress on health. -Established the field of stress research. 9. General Adaptation Syndrome, stages of the syndrome -The predictable sequence of reactions that organisms show in response to stressors. -Three Stages -Alarm Stage —The adrenal cortex releases hormones called glucocorticoids that increase heart rate, blood pressure, and blood-sugar levels, supplying a burst of energy that helps the person deal with the stressful situation. -Resistance Stage —The Adrenal cortex continues to release glucocorticoids to help the body resist stressors. -Exhaustion Stage —The point when the organism finally fails in its efforts to resist, all stores of deep energy are depleted, and disintegration of death follows. 10. Coping -A person’s effort though action and thought to deal with demands perceived as taxing or overwhelming. 11. Problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, proactive coping -Problem-focus coping —Consists of reducing, modifying, or eliminating the source of stress itself.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
-Emotional-focused coping -- Involves reappraising a stressor in order to reduce its emotional impact. -Proactive coping
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This test prep was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course PSYCH 1000 taught by Professor Karsten during the Fall '05 term at Western Michigan.

Page1 / 7

Exam 5 Study Guide - Chapter 13 Read chapter carefully! 1....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online