Exam 3 Study Guide

Exam 3 Study Guide - PSY 1000 Exam 3 Study Guide Fall 2006...

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PSY 1000 Exam 3 Study Guide Fall, 2006 Be very familiar with everything on this list. Know definitions of concepts, be able to identify concepts in examples, know how concepts are related, and be familiar with the relevant contributions of any people listed. As always, read the chapters. Chapter 5 (can skip “Schedules of Reinforcement” section in chapter) 1. Learning -- Permanent change in behavior, knowledge, capability, or attitude that is acquired through experience and cannot be attributed to illness, injury, or maturation. 2. Classical/respondent conditioning -- A type of learning through which an organism learns to associate one stimulus with another 3. Reflex (unconditioned, conditioned) -- Conditioned - A learned involuntary response. --Unconditioned - Unlearned reflexes 4. Stimulus -- Any event or object in the environment to which and organism responds. 5. Unconditioned stimulus -- A stimulus that elicits a specific unconditioned response without prior learning. 6. Unconditioned response -- A response that is elicited by an unconditioned stimulus without prior learning. 7. Neutral stimulus -- 8. Conditioned stimulus -- A neutral stimulus that, after repeated pairing with an unconditioned stimulus, becomes associated with it and elicits a of its repeated pairing with an unconditioned stimulus. conditioned response. 9. Conditioned response -- The learned response that comes to be elicited by a conditioned stimulus as a result 10.Extinction (in classical conditioning) -- The weakening and eventual disappearance of the conditioned response as a result of repeated presentation of conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus. 11.Spontaneous recovery -- Reappearance of an extinguished response to the original conditioned stimulus.
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12.Stimulus generalization (in classical conditioning) -- Tendency to make a conditioned response to a stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus. 13.Stimulus discrimination (in classical conditioning) -- Learned ability to distinguish between similar stimuli so that the conditioned response occurs only to the original conditioned stimulus but not to similar stimuli. 14.Factors influencing classical conditioning (from text) -- How reliably the conditioned stimulus predicts the unconditional stimulus. --The numbder of pairings of the conditioned stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus --The intensity of the unconditioned stimulus. --The temporal relationship between the conditioned and stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus. 15.Thorndike; the Law of effect
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Exam 3 Study Guide - PSY 1000 Exam 3 Study Guide Fall 2006...

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