050707 - 050707 HIST 278 After the Cultural Revolution,...

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050707 HIST 278 After the Cultural Revolution, Leninism / Marxism was practically dead but egalitarianism was still around Deepened economic reform – legitimizing itself through continual economic growth and the concept of nationalism in the party and state o Commitment to deepened economic change led to important change sin society – loosening of control in the work units, loosening of mobility in society (social / physical) o More inequality, unemployment and dissatisfaction o Trends: most analysts see the trend of a growing middle class as an important development – but no structural trend for the middle class seeking pluralistic developments / structures, no sign of any negotiated transformation of the political structure unlike in Taiwan o The Taiwan case suggests, opposed to popular belief that Chinese culture is not contrary / contradictory to democracy while on the mainland with history, social structure, etc. it is o In intellectual circles – more and more that legitimizes authoritarian rule Two historical legacies at work o In the circles that support authoritarian rule – idea that stability, national power, and development should trump individual rights o Desire of stability among middle class – a desire that comes from the revolution, influence is still felt o Stability – fear of countryside? Rural / urban divide Unrest in rural areas has increased in the 80’s and 90’s Elections in the rural areas – try and justify o Billions of dollars trying to stabilize rural economy, develop rural economy and address rural poverty Going back to the Qing one of the main policies of the government – try and provide the context where people can make a livelihood Will it work? – interesting to see what happens in the next few decades o According to An Chen – similar to the politics / political patterns of mass mobilization – there’s no other channel for political protest – to go in the streets When people feel things are unjust – there are no channels to have those things addressed / channels that always work o Concerns over poverty to be heard? May 2004 Zhezhang province took land away from 12 farmers to be used for a development project. Farmers unsatisfied over compensation – brought suit to local courts, they lost. But they appealed at a higher level and they won – Zhezhang province finding was to deal with judiciary systems not independent from the state – but trying to make suits against the states fairer for the plaintiffs – maybe a state in the right direction? One of the farmers
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050707 - 050707 HIST 278 After the Cultural Revolution,...

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