Poli Sci 102 Study Guide 1 - Study Guide for Exam 1 FIRST!...

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Study Guide for Exam 1 FIRST! Note that this is only a GUIDE and is not a comprehensive report of all that will be on your test! I reserve the right to test you on anything that has been covered in the classroom, book, or in the outside readings up to the test date. Begin by studying the terms located under “Key Terms and Concepts” at the end of each chapter (pp. 24, 51, 74). Don’t just memorize the definitions! Know how to use the terms, too. There are discussion questions on these pages (or their following page) as well. Be able to answer these questions. Chapter 1 Other terms include: Government functions: Rule-making - Most fundamental function; laws, executive orders, constitution. Recipe for how society works, rights and responsibilities of citizens Rule-Execution -enforcement of rules Rule-adjudication - interpreting the rules in individual situations. Applies vague laws to individual cases. Usually separate from system that creates rules system of communication - newspapers, television, posting of laws. Needs to be consistent system to recruit leaders - elections, parties, hereditary. Provides social and political stability system to extract resources - money, labor, people, taxation, draft What are the stakes of politics? 1) Allocation of Recources [voluntary or authoritative] 2) Human Rights [non-economic political areas, women’s rights, civil rights, immigration, abortion] 3) Physical Environment 4) Public Services [trash pickup, national defense, social security, etc.] 5) War and Peace [always choices for war or peace, in most nations the initial decision for war is made by executive, “war is a political instrument”] Political economy What are negative rights? Human’s rights areas where government should keep hands off, can’t stop the citizen from doing something (i.e. right to bear arms.) Positive rights? Human’s rights areas where government must take action to protect the rights
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The worldwide movement toward democracy is rooted in access to outside ideas Chapter 2 What is Lockean or Classical Liberalism? Belief that government should take a hands off approach (State of Nature), all humans have the god given rights of life, liberty, and property (Natural Rights), and government is based on popular consent (Social Contract). Belief that people are basically good How is it different from Modern Liberalism? Modern liberals support more of a hands on government approach to protect the rights of citizens, all people should have the same starting point Moral sphere – part of government dealing with individual rights Economic sphere – part of government dealing with economy What are the two elements of capitalism? – Individualism and distrust of
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course POLIT SCI 102 taught by Professor Laurenharding during the Spring '07 term at University of Tennessee.

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Poli Sci 102 Study Guide 1 - Study Guide for Exam 1 FIRST!...

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