Lecture__3_-_West_African_Culture,_Trans-Atlantic_Slave_Trade,_Slavery_and_Indenture_Servitude_-_O

Lecture_3_West_Af - Lecture#3 West African Culture and the Rise of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade I West Africa Before European Contact African

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Lecture #3 - West African Culture and the Rise of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade I. West Africa Before European Contact - African Americans came from Africa (West and Central Africa) and to understand how African Americans endure slavery we have to understand their culture A. Spread of Islam (“submission to Allah”) B. Trans-Sahara Trade 7 th -14 th century; this was how Islam (the main religion of Africa) spreads, the primary trade was gold for salt This unifies African and Western societies II. Trading Partners – Africa’s Three Dominant Empires - The Trans-Sahara trade was controlled and regulated by the succession of three West African Kingdoms who regulated the trade through taxes and tolls on trade routes (note: Just as several Native American groups such as the Maya, Aztecs, and Incas, had large organized empires so too did Africa) A. Ghana 300-1240 **Urban Centers** Produces enough goods to supply their population and still have a surplus to use in trade This partner acted to unify the villages B. Mali 1230-1468 **Education** Largest of three empires and where Islam takes root C. Song Hai 1435-1591 (1600) – **Break Away State from Mali** Wiped out by raids Timbuktu was a major university The end of this trade partner marked the beginning of the end of the large empire
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Coil during the Fall '08 term at Ohio State.

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Lecture_3_West_Af - Lecture#3 West African Culture and the Rise of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade I West Africa Before European Contact African

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