Lecture__4_�_Cultures_Clash_in_Early_America_-_Outline

Lecture__4_�_Cultures_Clash_in_Early_America_-_Outline

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Lecture #4 – Cultures Clash in Early America I. Rise of English Expansion For trade routes; found sugar A. People Migrate because of Push Factors Religious reasons, fleeing from poverty (due to rapid population growth), and political tensions; but ordinary people in Europe had choices B. People Migrate because of Pull Factors To increase wealth, to increase social class, and to gain more land II. Early British Settlements in the Chesapeake – Virginia and Maryland A. First Attempted Colony – Roanoke This colony was a mystery 1. Where and when was it? 1584 an explorer was given land by the queen 2. What Happened? They never really established a stable colony because of reasons like disease B. First Permanent English Settlement - Jamestown, 1607 1. Why is Jamestown so important? Sets the precedent for other settlements 2. Background Set-up to find wealth (gold); supported by for-profit stock investors (the joint stock company) 3. What problems did they encounter because of this? Ill prepared to even survive in the environment they encounter (including food); with mortality rates as high as 60-70% they come only thinking of gold The settlement was in a bad location, although it was good for trade and defense there was no stability 4. What was the nature of relations between these colonists and the Native Americans? Populated by the wrong sort of people; the middle class did not expect to participate in labor; they were selfish (looking for gold) and there were no lower-class citizens to farm for them The colonists looked down on the Native Americans, but they were dependent upon them. John Smith plays a hand in changing the colonists’ mentality; he wants equality and establishes positive trade relations between Native Americans and the British 5. Why did English colonization in Virginia finally succeed? What ensured its success? 1617 – Tobacco becomes the “Chesapeake’s gold”, the money that they
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Lecture__4_�_Cultures_Clash_in_Early_America_-_Outline

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