Lecture__5_-_Puritan_New_England,_Salem_Witch_Trials,_and_the_Middle_Colonies_-_Outline

Lecture__5_-_Puritan_New_England,_Salem_Witch_Trials,_and_the_Middle_Colonies_-_Outline

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Lecture #5 - Puritan New England, Salem Witch Trials, and the Middle Colonies I. The European Background A. Religion and State Religion and state were not separate in medieval times B. Religious Changes with the Reformation With the King’s change from Catholicism to Protestantism, all English citizens were expected to follow The puritans (aka “the decenters”) were a group of citizens who would not compromise; they faced persecution and eventually fled to Holland. They were the first group of people to challenge the crown. Martian Luther – key to Protestant reformation C. Changes in English Society There were also political and social changes, not just religious The puritans were against the capitalist societies ideas II. English Settlement in the North - two groups that come out of this Early Modern European background A. Pilgrims Religious separatists (they wanted to separate from the church of England because they believed it was too much like the catholic church) They fled to Holland but decided that Holland didn’t hold the lifestyle that they were looking for (they wanted to be able to shelter their children) They wanted to establish a utopia and thought that the New World would be a better place to do that than Holland was. They set sail to Virginia but a storm blew them off track and they ended up landing in New England (they had no right to land in New England, but they did to land in Virginia) Mayflower Compact – 1620 an agreement of those on the ship to establish a government with the idea of preventing anarchy First Thanksgiving – represented the relationship between the Native Americans and the colonists (Squanto was the major mediator) B. The Puritans Settlers of the Massachusetts Bay – 1630s they wanted to purify the Church of England and reestablish their personal relationships with God John Winthrop – born in England, traveled to the colony, established it and brought leadership The Great Migration – 1630s to 1640s a migration (in great numbers) of settlers to
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Lecture__5_-_Puritan_New_England,_Salem_Witch_Trials,_and_the_Middle_Colonies_-_Outline

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