Lecture__6_-_Prelude_to_Revolution_-_Outline - Lecture #6...

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Lecture #6 – Prelude to Revolution I. A Changing Society Culminates with Revolution A. Rise of the Great Awakening – the first evangelical Christian movement Bringing religion back to the center of the colonies in the 18 th century; they begin talking about the sinfulness of society but believe in a promise of grace B. Key Figures in the Great Awakening 1. Jonathan Edwards A founder of the first great awakening (sinners in the hands of an angry God) Places an emphasis on the personal relationship with God 2. George Whitefield An emotional preacher of the Great Awakening C. So why was the Great Awakening so transformative? Brings religion back to the center of the colonies; this caused people to rethink their society It was the first (or one of the first) inter-colonial movements; it touched all American colonies, challenged the hierarchy and authority within the colonies with the idea of individualism (this takes out the need of clergy as a means to talk to God), introduces the idea that everyone who comes to worship is seen as equal in the eyes of God, and intellectual stimulation brought through universities also. D. Emergence of Enlightenment Thought Individualism and humanitarianism (two main ideas of the 18 th century) The idea that society is governed by natural thought E. Key Figure in Enlightenment Thought 1. John Locke One of the first to write about these “natural laws” F. So what is so Revolutionary about these ideas? Says that the government exists to provide the individual with security, stability, and happiness, which are innate natural rights (the right to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness) Philosophy: the government is there to help people, not to control them G. Creation of Republicanism 1. Core ideas of Republicanism Liberty is the individuals greatest right; a strong government poses a threat to liberty and should be limited, citizens have the right to overthrow the government should it abuse its power 2. Why was republicanism important? This leads to the revolution
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Lecture__6_-_Prelude_to_Revolution_-_Outline - Lecture #6...

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